Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article investigates the empirical evidence and normative implications of cooperation and reciprocity. It pays attention to forging connections with issues in normative political philosophy concerning the role of reciprocity in cooperative behavior and in the sense of justice. A disagreement between Brian Barry and Allan Gibbard about the relationship between different theories of justice and the motivations underlying them is presented. It is shown that the features of reciprocators presented point to a normative possibility—a conception of justice based on reciprocity—that is distinct both from what emerges from the interactions of purely self-interested players (justice as mutual advantage [JMA]) and conceptions which rely on ideals of unconditional altruism and impartiality (justice as impartiality [JI]). Positive reciprocity involves returning a benefit for a benefit or providing a benefit in expectation of a benefit. Justice as reciprocity (JR) represents a recognizable and apparently coherent ideal of justice that is fairly widely shared.

Keywords: cooperation, reciprocity, normative political philosophy, justice, Brian Barry, Allan Gibbard, mutual advantage, impartiality

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.