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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Research on the responses of dogs to human cues started only relatively recently, with the publication in 1998 of a study in which dogs were tested for their responsiveness to a human pointing at one of two containers. This chapter concentrates on one relatively simple form of behavioral interaction between human and dog: the object-choice task in which a human points and the dog follows that point to uncover a desirable consequence—usually food. This has proven to be a useful paradigm in which to explore the capacities of dogs, and the origins of those abilities in ontogeny and phylogeny.

Keywords: learning, dogs, social behavior, object choice, associative conditioning, two-stage hypothesis

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