Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 15 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews behavioral evidence that animals can represent number independently of other stimulus dimensions and manipulate these representations arithmetically. It describes how animals and humans show many of the same psychophysical signatures when reasoning numerically, such as ratio dependence, the semantic congruity effect, numerical illusions, and cross-modal matching. It then reviews neurobiological data suggesting that monkeys and humans use homologous areas of the brain when representing and processing number. Collectively, the research described suggests that nonhuman animals share with humans a basic capacity to quantify the world around them that likely serves as a foundation for the uniquely rich human mathematical mind.

Keywords: number representation, numerical reasoning, nonhuman animals, ratio dependence, the semantic congruity effect, numerical illusions, cross-modal matching

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.