Abstract and Keywords
This chapter describes two different approaches to the comparative analysis of episodic memory. One approach begins with the literature on recognition memory in humans, where unique features of episodic recollection can be revealed in the dynamics of memory retrieval; it asks whether these features of episodic memory also exist in animal memory performance. The other approach is a comparative functional neuroanatomy; it asks whether functional properties of components of the brain system that supports episodic memory in humans can be identified in homologous brain areas in animals. It is argued that observations from both of these approaches are converging on common fundamental cognitive mechanisms and neural substrates of episodic memory among mammalian species.
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