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date: 18 August 2019

(p. 579) Index

(p. 579) Index

A
Abaco (Bahamas), 225, 266, 412
Abaco Red Ware pottery, 267, 270
Abbot of Jamaica’s 1611 census, 254
Achira (Canna sp.), 157, 402
Adzes, 142, 163–165
African burials, 427, 444
African Diaspora, 424, 527, 532, 547, 549
African diseases, 107
African DNA, 471, 474–475
African material culture, 533–534, 547–548
African populations in the Caribbean, 103, 107, 413, 423–424, 426, 499, 528–533, 544, 550, 562–563, 573
African rock art (historic), 489
African technological transfers, 547–548
Aglet, 423, 507, 517
Agorsah, E. Kofi, 259
Agricultores ceramistas, 240–243
Agriculture, 10, 11, 52, 53, 62, 111, 112–113, 115, 118–119, 173, 228, 234, 238, 392–393, 397, 408, 481
Agroalfarero (agroceramic), 171–181, 237–238, 392–393, 398–401, 439
Aguacadiba village (Jamaica), 253
Aguas Gordas (Cuba), 240
Aguas Verdes site (Cuba), 130, 237–238
Agüeibana, 506
Aikhenvald, A., 114
Alambre, 505
Alegría, Ricardo E., 158, 289
Alligator Pond site (Jamaica), 179
Allsworth-Jones, Phillip, 250, 251, 256, 257
Ambilateral descent, 86
Ambrose, Stanley H., 410–411
Anacaona, 316, 319, 324n3
Ancestors, 64, 65, 77, 85, 90, 117, 118, 120, 122, 191, 192, 214, 222, 223, 273, 316, 349, 356, 357, 368, 442, 456, 464, 465, 472, 494, 496, 497, 508, 519, 563
Ancestor worship, 349, 442
Andean condor, 161, 165, 171, 176, 178, 179
Anderson, Benedict, 558
Andes Mountains, 9, 114, 117, 121, 171, 176, 181, 477, 481
Anegada Passage, 135, 143
Angostura site (Puerto Rico), 127, 133, 136, 395, 443
Anguilla (BVI), 4, 128, 148, 209, 213, 318, 320, 412, 456, 490–491, 500
Anse à la Gourde (Guadeloupe), 120, 209, 210–211, 316–317, 412, 422–423, 425, 441, 456–458, 460, 465n7, 465n9
Anthropomorphic, 24, 181, 272–273, 488–490, 493, 494, 514
Anthropophagy, 97
Antigua, 37, 120, 128, 132, 135, 160, 163, 164, 166, 286, 289, 291, 292, 490, 531–532, 551, 186, 199
Antillean Formative, 171, 173–176, 184, 192, 351
Apostaderan series, 149
Apuré River, 64
Arauquinoid, 147, 149–151, 212, 400, 401
Arawak (“Allouagues”), 105
Arawak contact with Florida, 288–289
Arawak language, 11, 12, 61–69, 70, 100, 102, 289, 478, 479, 481
Arawak migration (diaspora), 10, 24, 61–69, 73–74, 111–125, 222–223, 238, 288, 382
Arboriculture, 113, 397
Archaeological Society of Jamaica, 251
Archaeothanatology, 453–454, 463, 466
Archaic, continental, 129, 131
Archaic mortuary practices, 236, 427, 440, 442, 444–445
ArcView, 301
Arecibo (Puerto Rico), 398, 443
Arecibo-39 site (Puerto Rico), 398
Argyle sites (St. Vincent), 106, 212, 455, 456
Arrow poison, 101
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea), 185, 271, 395, 397, 399, 400, 402
Arroyo del Palo site (Cuba), 237–239
Art, 76, 101, 259
Arthritis, 258, 274
Artisans, 146, 175, 499, 529
Aruba, 3–4, 16n1, 286, 402, 411, 440, 491, 492, 500
Atkinson, Lesley-Gail, 250, 497–498 (p. 580)
Atlantic, 1, 3, 4, 8–9, 51, 527, 546–547, 550
Austrian Academy of Sciences, 440
Austronesian, 110, 113, 121, 122
Avocado (Persea americana), 157, 185, 289
Avunculocal residence, 78, 84, 298, 355
Axe-god, 160, 163–165
Axes, greenstone or jadeite, 193, 268, 289, 318, 340
Axes, stone (see Celts), 129, 142, 147, 166, 185, 193, 233, 235, 267, 288, 317, 318, 340
Axis mundi, 85
B
Baena, G., 130
Bahama Archipelago, 8, 264–276
Bahama Channel, 53
Bahamas, 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 11, 23, 51, 53, 74, 78, 88, 132, 176, 179, 221–230, 243, 252, 264–276, 284–292, 339, 350, 371, 379
Baisre, Julio, 387–388
Baking, 72, 185, 320
Ballouöouri, 12
Banes region (Cuba), 243
Bani style, 14
Bannerstones, 130
Bantu, 110, 121, 478
Banwari Trace site (Trinidad), 127, 130–135, 438, 442
Banwaroid, 236
Barbacoa (barbeque), 72, 271
Barbakoeba Culture, 400
Barbuda, 128, 130, 135
Barka, Norman, 530
Barrancas, 146, 147, 149
Barrancoid, 64–66, 67, 116, 118, 143, 146–147, 149, 150–151, 190, 192, 201, 335, 401
Barse, William, 37–38
Barter, 505–506, 509, 528
Basalt, 268
Bastidas Mountains (Jamaica), 254
Bats, imagery, 145, 160, 165, 177–178, 179, 273
Bayesian statistics, 472–473, 477
Beads, carnelian (African), 533
Beads, glass, 101, 102, 212, 275
Beads, gold, 514, 516
Beads, shell, 101, 181, 187–188, 228, 229, 267, 421, 454–455, 457, 465n11
Beans, 133, 156, 157, 185, 397, 398, 402
Beauvoir-Dominique, Rachel, 499
Behique (see shaman), 73, 178
Behecchio, 73, 316, 319, 324n3
Bellevue site (Jamaica), 258, 511, 514
Belleza site (Cuba), 235, 239
Bentley, R. A., 419
Berman, Mary Jane, 271
Berna Cave (Dominican Republic), 492
Bifaces, 129, 235
Big Man societies, 207, 214
Bilateral descent, 86, 531
Biogeography, 3, 49, 186, 379, 387, 412, 414
Bipolar flaking technique, 134, 187
Birama site (Cuba), 235, 237
Birgits site (Antigua), 128
Bismarck Archipelago, 143
Black River (Jamaica), 286
Black Sea, 307
Blanton, Richard E., 349–350
Blench, Robert, 122
Bloody Point (St. Kitts), 455
Blue Hole, Lighthouse Reef (Belize), 52
Blue Marlin site (Jamaica), 256
Blue River (Trinidad), 148
Boca Chica style, 211, 212
Boca del Soca site (Dominican Republic), 412
Bohio, 71
Bombardettas, 275
Bonaire, 4, 16n1, 286, 411, 491, 492, 500
Bonefish, 266
Bontour style pottery, 147, 149, 150–151
Boomert, Arie, 127, 214, 335–336
Bottom Bay site (Jamaica), 254, 255
Boucher, P. P., 107
Bow and arrow, 72, 99, 101, 104, 271, 317
Brass, 423, 507, 509, 517, 533
Braudel, Fernand, 3
Brazil, 117, 120, 481, 545, 546, 548, 550, 551
Brendan, Father, 9
Breton, Raymond, 9, 12, 65, 105, 461
Brimstone Hill (St. Kitts), 529
Brinton, Daniel, 11
British Columbia, 475
British Virgin Islands, 488
Brumfiel, Elizabeth M., 561
Buku Maroon site (Suriname), 551
Bullen, Adelaide K., 439
Burén (griddle), 27, 72, 102, 150, 177, 178, 185, 210, 320, 392, 393, 396, 398–402
Burial architecture, 453, 457, 465
Burial Cave 1 (Crooked Island, Bahamas), 412
Burial taphonomy, 442–446
C
C:N ratios, 411
Cabaret site (Haiti), 11
Cabo Maisí (Cuba), 68
Cabot, John, 9
(p. 581) Caguana ceremonial site (Puerto Rico), 77, 88, 120, 122, 306, 365, 496–497, 563
Caicos Bank, 225–226
Caimanes III site (Cuba), 235, 239
Calcirudite, 148–149, 318
Caliviny style, 151, 212
Callaghan, Richard, 4, 130, 186–187, 199–201, 254
Camínar Abajo site (Cuba), 127, 130, 132, 236–238, 245n4, 442
Canada, 549, 551
Canary Islands, 275
Canashitu site (Aruba), 411
Caneye, 71
Cannibales, 97
Cannibalism, 10, 97, 106–107
Canoe (canoa), 72, 99, 101, 132, 142, 200, 209, 253, 268, 273, 274, 284, 288–293, 317–318
Canoe, dugout, 101, 142, 288
Canoe propulsion, 200, 273, 288, 289, 292
Caona, 505
Caonabó, 73, 268–269, 316, 324n3, 335, 506, 507
Capobianco, Kristy M., 299
Caquetio language, 114
Caracolí (karakoulis), 101, 509
Caraïbes, 12
Caraipé temper, 151
Carátulas, 506–507
Carbet (taboui), 101, 106
Carbon isotopes, 210, 406–415, 419, 422, 424
Carib pidgin, 207–208, 216
Caribbean Commission Secretariat (CARICOM), 47
Caribbeanscape, 135–137, 158, 166
Caribbean Sea, 1, 9, 49, 51, 53–54, 79, 137, 158, 162–163, 167, 177, 200, 202, 284, 285, 287, 290, 333, 379, 383
Carlson, Lizabeth A., 273
Carneiro, Robert, 116
Carriacou, 150, 202, 213, 383–384, 456
Cartography, 103–104
Carumano zone (Venezuela), 185
Casimiroid, 62–63, 68, 198
Casimiran (Casimiroid) subseries, 198
Cassava bread, 72, 100, 102, 104, 177, 180, 185, 392, 398
Catunda site (Cuba), 235, 239
Cauixí temper, 147, 149
Cauto River (Cuba), 236
Cave burials, 266, 273–274, 412
Cave dwellers, 23–24, 173
Cay, 209, 229, 266, 268, 269, 285, 379
Cayman Islands, 285, 530
Cayo Cofresí site (Puerto Rico), 63
Cayo Jourajuría (Cuba), 134
Cayo Redondo Culture, 237
Cayo style pottery, 67, 105, 106, 151, 208, 212–213, 215
Cayoid, 212
Cedros complex, 144
Cedros site (Trinidad), 64, 144, 185
Cedrosan (Saladoid) subseries, 65–67, 116, 144, 144–148, 185–192, 214, 441, 509, 517–518
Ceiba tree, 72
Ceiba-11 site (Puerto Rico), 398
Ceiba-33 site (Puerto Rico), 399
Celts, shell, 136, 210
Celts, stone (see axes), 136, 166, 210, 289
Central America 23, 62, 68, 77, 107, 117, 129, 160, 164, 173, 208, 234, 241, 285, 289, 291, 332, 394, 394–396, 427, 477–478, 482, 492, 550, 572
Ceremonial architecture, 350, 356
Ceremonial centers, 77, 215, 352, 355, 383, 442, 563
Ceremonial space, 85, 241, 356
Chagonary site (Trinidad), 147
Chalky Mount potters (Barbados), 534
Champlain, Samuel de, 104
Chancery Lane site (Barbados), 455
Chane Culture, 114
Chang, K. C., 86
Charlotte Amalie (St. Thomas, USVI), 529
Chaure complex, 147
Chemin Saint-Louis site (French Guiana), 400
Chert, 132, 134, 199, 267, 271, 318
Chibchan-Paezan genome, 478–481
Chican (Ostionoid) subseries, 39, 40, 68, 74, 205, 208, 211, 212, 223, 229, 230, 241, 245n6, 260, 270, 441–442, 509, 514, 517–519
Chicoid, 74, 75, 175, 176, 223, 240, 241–242, 245n6, 245n7, 337–338, 445
Chili pepper (Capsicum sp.), 72, 100, 271, 146, 185, 400
Chiriguano Culture, 114
Chowdhury, Amitava, 549
Chromosomes, 470, 471, 475–481
Chronocops, 561
Chronology, 15, 22, 50, 176, 180, 189, 236, 241, 242, 398, 440, 453, 492
Chronometric hygiene, 15, 180, 186, 201–202, 570
Cibao Valley (Dominican Republic), 224, 228
Ciboney (Siboneyes, Cibuneyes, Exbuneyes), 10–11, 24, 61, 63, 67, 68, 237, 264
Ciguayo language, 12, 61, 62, 63, 68, 289, 505
Cimarrones, 550
Cinnamon Bay site (St. John, USVI), 509, 510
Cinnamon Hill site (Jamaica), 255, 257
(p. 582) Cinquino, Michael A., 486–487
Clans, 66, 87, 89, 178, 315, 319, 337, 349, 352, 355, 572
Clark, Grahame, 436
Classificatory approaches, 22–23, 39, 41, 193–194
Clerc, Edgar, 454
Cody, Ann K., 187
Cocoyam (Xanthosoma spp.), 133, 392, 399, 402
Cognatic kinship, 86
Cohoba, 73
Coins, 508, 545
Coleraine site (Jamaica), 255, 258
Colombia, 64, 156–157, 158, 160, 161, 162, 165, 166, 176, 238, 291, 479, 480, 481, 509, 514, 517–519
Colonization, 16, 48, 51, 54–55, 98, 100, 104, 111, 116, 121, 143, 144, 174, 185, 191, 192, 197, 198, 202, 208, 214, 226–227, 243, 271, 276, 284, 470–482, 499, 559
Colonization, European, 16, 208, 471, 472, 499, 559
Colonoware, 259, 534
Columbus, Bartolomé, 319
Columbus Channel, 142
Columbus, Christopher, 9, 11, 12, 26, 63–65, 70–71, 97–106, 151, 221, 226, 252, 275, 284, 288, 318–319, 505, 507, 519, 527
Columbus diario, 12, 70, 271
Columbus, Diego, 253
Columbus, Ferdinand, 9
Columbus Quincentenary, 23
Communal biography, 357–358, 368
Community perspectives, 15, 40, 81, 86, 155, 205, 207, 212, 215, 226, 268, 288, 330, 333, 338, 340, 349–358, 364, 368–372, 426, 441, 453, 457, 460, 464–465, 525, 532, 533, 549, 557–561, 569, 574
Conception Island (Bahamas), 275
Connolley, I., 256, 299
Conuco, 72, 224, 228, 275, 399
Cooper, Jago, 300
Coralie site (GT-3, Grand Turk), 265–266
Cordillera Central (Dominican Republic), 7
Cordillera Septentrional (Hispaniola), 7, 224
Corintia III site (Cuba), 235, 239
Corktree site (GT-4, Grand Turk), 226, 266
Corporate-network theory, 349–350
Corrales site (Dominican Republic), 179–180
Cosmology, 86, 363, 367, 495, 572
Cost distance, 299, 303–305
Costa, Matthew de, 549
Costa de Perlas (Nicaragua), 508
Costa Rica, 161–166, 475, 519
Cotton, 73, 101, 102, 269, 318–319, 324n2, 505, 519, 524
Cotton Cay (Grand Turk), 266, 275
Cotuan complex, 184
Courland complex, 144
Crab/Shell dichotomy, 26–27, 33, 172
Cranial modification, 39–40, 166, 275, 426, 437, 439, 444, 446
Cremation, 460–464
Crespo-Torres, Edwin, 440
Crock, John, 39, 120, 122, 211
Crooked Island ware, 267, 279
Crosshatched design, 270
Cruxent, José M., 116, 184, 192
Cubagua Island, 4, 275
Cueva Clara (Puerto Rico), 128, 158, 395–397, 400
Cueva de Berna site (Dominican Republic), 438
Cueva de la Cida site (Dominican Republic), 499–500
Cueva de Mora site (Puerto Rico), 489
Cueva Los Caracoles site (Puerto Rico), 128
Cueva Tembladera site (Puerto Rico), 158
Cuevas style pottery, 455
Cultural Resource Management (CRM), 2, 28, 299, 443, 486, 563
Culture area concept, 9, 22–23, 38–39, 41, 70, 73–74, 75, 184
Culture historical approach, 12, 174, 330–331, 437
Culture history, 23, 25, 33, 222, 415
Cumana area (Venezuela), 104
Cundall, Frank, 250, 252
Curaçao, 4, 158
Curet, L. Antonio, 39, 78, 85, 87, 88, 211, 350, 385, 530
Currents, 53–55, 199, 200, 254, 284, 285, 290–292, 307
D
Dabajuroid, 4
Damajaybo sites (Cuba), 235, 240
Deagan, Kathleen, 75, 77, 367, 386
De Booy, Theodor, 24, 250–251
Decomposition, 453, 457, 460, 464–465
DeNiro, Michael J., 410–411, 414
DeWolf, Marion, 251, 254, 256
Deixis, 120
Demography, 115, 332, 335, 442–443, 446, 453, 569, 573
Dental analysis, 241, 258, 402, 419–420, 437, 439, 440, 441–446
Dental enamel, 419–420
Dental modification, 424, 426, 444
Dental wear, 439, 440, 443
Diorite, 148, 151, 179, 268, 457
Diversity, cultural, 1, 2, 10, 12, 14–15, 39, 40, 78, 81, 110, 112, 114, 173, 174, 181, 188, 190–192, 233–236, 238, 241, 244, 245n5, 317, 352, 358, 465, 525, 526, 544, 569
(p. 583) Diversity, environmental, 3, 8, 128, 191, 236, 312, 378–380, 383, 385, 415
Diversity, genetic, 474, 479
Diversity, mortuary practices, 465
Dizac site (Martinique), 190
DNA analysis, 15, 167, 291, 427, 446, 470–482, 569–570, 572, 573
Dog burials, 180, 214, 454–455, 456, 464n3
Dog imagery, 145, 177–178, 496–497
Dolmatoff, Reichel, 163
Dominica, 23, 100, 103, 104, 107, 187, 210, 212, 290, 509, 529, 532
Dove Cay (South Caicos), 226
Doxa, 117
Drax Hall plantation (Jamaica), 531
Drift voyaging, 200, 290, 291
Dubelaar, Cees N., 486, 487, 488, 494
Duday, Henri, 453, 466
Duerden, J. E., 250
Duho, 25, 68, 79, 259, 268, 269, 339
Dupont, Mr. and Mrs. Alexi, 529
du Tertre, Father, 9, 106
E
Earthen construction, 224, 242, 269
Earthenware, 275, 534
Earthquake, 208, 526, 529, 534
East Caicos, 272–273
East End community (St. John, USVI), 532
Eastern Taíno, 4, 11, 12, 73, 99
Edge-ground cobbles, 130–131, 157, 395–396
Edilio Cruz site (Dominican Republic), 398
Egalitarian, 85, 101, 146, 207, 215, 269, 385, 494, 518
Egypt, 306
El Atajadizo site (Dominican Republic), 438
El Bronce site (Puerto Rico), 120, 215
El Cabo site (Dominican Republic), 75, 317, 367–369, 370, 398
El Chorro de Maíta site (Cuba), 422, 423, 426–427, 439, 514–515, 517, 518
El Cuartel site (Venezuela), 185
El Horno site (Colombia), 163
El Mayal site (Venezuela), 185
El Moro (Puerto Rico), 529
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), 49, 242
El Paraíso site (Cuba), 235, 240, 518
El Popi site (Dominican Republic), 398
Elbow stones, 289, 498
Elenan (Ostionoid) subseries, 192, 205, 210, 212, 215, 509
En Bas Saline site (Haiti), 75, 88–89, 120, 299, 367, 386
Encomienda, 73, 253
England (UK), 437, 528, 530
Ensenada Honda (Puerto Rico), 306
Ensor, Bradley E., 86, 90, 91, 353
Epps, P., 113
Ericson, Leif, 9
Erin style pottery, 147–148
Escape site (St. Vincent), 455
Esmeralda village (Venezuela), 290
Esperanza style, 212
Estancias, 528
Etang Rouge site (St. Martin), 128
Ethnoarchaeology, 28
Ethnogenesis, 115, 121, 499, 569
Ethnography, 23, 25, 28, 38, 40, 85, 98, 99–103, 104, 107, 115, 116, 213, 253, 275, 289, 292, 298, 305, 314, 323, 336, 337, 364, 367, 391, 392, 403, 453, 494, 496, 526, 534–535, 547, 548, 550, 573
Evans, Clifford, 165
Eyeri, 65–67
Exchange as social contract, 89, 122, 312–323, 335, 456
Exchange of commodities, 90, 131, 144, 146, 150, 188, 193, 207, 209, 214–215, 228, 230, 242, 269, 275, 315–319, 332, 333, 334, 339, 340, 349, 401, 422, 441, 444, 505, 507–509, 517, 573
Exchange of food, 187, 209, 272, 319–321, 394
Exchange of ideas and ritual knowledge, 81, 115, 135, 136, 147–148, 150, 208, 214, 215, 289, 332, 339–340, 371, 401, 422, 441, 444
Exchange of pottery, 146–147, 150, 151, 211, 213
Exchange of spouses, 87, 89, 207, 209, 315–317, 423, 425
F
Fagundes, N. J. R., 472–476
Farmer, Kevin, 299
Faron, Louis C., 113
Feasting, 86, 90, 118, 146, 163, 271, 317–318, 319–320, 330, 357, 382, 385, 386
Febles, Jorge, 130
Fewkes, J. Walter, 23, 24, 330
Filomena Guerra, María, 516
Finca style, 14
First Painted Horizon, 163
Fish poison, 72, 271
Fish preservation, 72, 269, 271, 320–321, 384
Fishing fids, 271
Fishing hook and line, 102, 210, 271
(p. 584) Fishing nets, 72, 101, 271, 318, 383–384
Fishing traps, 72, 210, 271, 383
Fishing weirs, 72, 271
Fishing with remora fish, 72
Fitzpatrick, Scott M., 165
Flannery, Kent, 302
Flint, 27, 129, 131, 135, 210, 457
Florida Current, 292
Fond-Brûlé site (Martinique), 186
Forensic Anthropology, 445, 453
Forest, subtropical dry, 380
Fort Center site (Florida, US), 289
Fort Christian (St. Thomas, USVI), 529
Fort Shirley (Dominica), 529
Fountain Cavern site (Anguilla), 120, 122, 209, 213, 500
France, 101, 528
Freehand flaking technique, 132, 134, 188
French Antilles, 365, 532, 533
French chroniclers, 9, 12, 65–66, 98, 99–104, 107
French colonies, 98, 100, 105, 526, 528, 533, 546, 549
French Guiana, 209, 292, 400, 401, 402–403, 500
French Revolution, 533
Friendship complex, 145
Friendships, 104, 105, 253, 506
Frontierless Political Community, 557–559
G
Galibis (Gallybis), 100, 103, 106
Galleon’s Passage, 149, 151
Galways Plantation (Montserrat), 526, 532
Garifuna, 107, 114, 550
Gathering plants and animals, 144, 177, 234, 237, 239, 392, 401
Gathering, social, 215
Gawa, 322
Gê Culture, 113
Genetic drift, 471, 472–474, 480, 481
Geographic Information Systems (GIS), 54, 296–297, 298–307, 532–533, 570
Geoinformatics, 299
Gibbs Cay (Grand Turk), 225, 265
Global Positioning System (GPS), 302, 487, 570
Goajiro, 64, 66
Golden Grove site (Tobago), 120, 148, 150
Golden Rock site (St. Eustatius), 87, 120, 191, 214, 316–317, 367, 369, 411, 440, 455–456
Goanin Island, 505
Godreau, Isar, 564
Goodwin, R. Christopher, 437, 438
Google Earth, 306
Gordon Hill Cave (Crooked Island, Bahamas), 412
Gordillo, Francisco, 275
Governour’s Beach site (GT-2, Grand Turk), 225, 228, 266
Gower, Charlotte. 24
Granberry, Julian, 24–25, 270, 289, 481
Grand Bay site (Carriacou), 202, 211, 213, 383–384, 456
Grand Turk, 225–226, 228, 265–266
Grande Anse Interior Incised, 145
Graph theory, 304, 305–306, 333
Grande-Terre (Guadeloupe), 209, 422, 454
Great Bay site (Jamaica), 356
Great Lakes (North America), 475, 476
Great Plains (US), 475, 476
Greece, 306
Green Castle site (Jamaica), 255, 257, 258
Greenland Ice Cores, 49
Grenada, 4, 23, 67, 100, 103–105, 107, 143, 187, 191, 199, 200, 201–202, 208, 210, 212, 222, 286, 384, 412, 493, 551
Grey, Dorick, 259
Griddle (burén), 27, 72, 102, 150, 177, 178, 185, 210, 320, 392, 393, 396, 398–402
Ground stone/milling stone complex, 130–131, 157
Guacanagarí, 507
Guaízas, 78, 79, 318, 339, 505, 506
Guana Culture, 114
Guanahaní, 63, 275
Guanahatabey (Guanahacabibes), 10, 40, 61, 64, 68, 233
Guanimes, 157
Guanín (tumbaga), 162, 163, 165, 167, 317, 318, 505–519
Guanín Island, 505
Guapoid, 174
Guarch, José M., 238
Guarguapo Complex (Trinidad), 147, 149
Guarionex, 79, 316
Guatemala, 65, 160, 163–164, 289, 291
Guayabitan period, 150
Guayaguayare site (Trinidad), 151
Guinea pigs, 72, 385, 387
Gulf coast of Florida, 176, 477
Gulf coast of Mexico, 475
Gulf of Mexico, 51, 52, 53–54, 285, 379
Gulf of Paria, 142
Gulf Stream current, 53, 285, 291
Gun Barrel site (Jamaica), 545
Gutiérrez Calvache, D. A., 487, 489
Guyana, 118, 142, 149, 292, 500, 518, 528
H
Hacienda Grande site (Puerto Rico), 410
(p. 585) Haitian Revolution, 546
Halifax (Canada), 551
Hallucinogen, 145, 570
Hamilakis, Yannis, 319
Hamilton, D. l., 530
Handbook of South American Indians, 38
Haplogroup, 473–482
Harris matrices, 295
Hardy, Meridith, 298, 300
Hardtack, 72
Harlow, George E., 160, 163–164
Harrington, M. R., 11, 23–24, 27
Hartford Cave (Rum Cay, Bahamas), 273
Hato to Rincon Zone (Curaçao), 500
Hatt, Gudmund, 24
Hauser, Mark, 530
Haviser, Jay B., 158, 201, 298, 535
Hayward, Michele, 486–487, 498, 499
Heart-shaped stones, 135
Helms, Mary W., 289, 519
Heckenberger, Michael, 7, 81, 358n7
Heritage, 28, 33, 41, 78, 142, 190, 223–224, 229, 251, 259, 440, 443, 446, 499, 525, 529, 533, 534, 535, 542–551, 562, 565, 574
Heritage, Maroon, 542–551
Heywoods site (Barbados), 128, 134, 214, 456
Hexis, 117
Hichmans Shell Heap site (Nevis), 128
Hierarchy, 14, 15, 39, 52, 76, 81, 85, 90–91, 93, 111, 113, 116, 117–121, 166, 186, 207, 214, 227, 257, 260, 298, 304, 349, 350, 352, 357, 369, 371, 384, 393, 495, 506, 517, 518–519
Hieronymite Interrogatory (1517), 571
Highborn Cay (Exuma, Bahamas), 276
Higuey province (Dominican Republic), 338
Hillcrest site (Barbados), 455
Historical archaeology, 27–28, 41, 331, 525–535, 542–550
Historiography, 546
Hodder, Ian, 302
Hofman, Corinne L., 38, 39, 75, 78, 187, 316, 318, 444, 499
Hohokam, 87
Holocene, 47, 48–49, 52–54, 113, 128, 141, 198, 284, 394, 572
Holocaust, 561
Honduras, 62, 65, 129, 154, 234, 551
Hoogland, Menno, L. P., 75, 187, 206, 381
Horse Cay (South Caicos), 226
House garden (chagra), 72, 118–119, 272, 397
Horticulture, 144, 173–174, 184–185, 187, 198, 224, 382, 392–393
Howard, Robert H., 251, 256, 257, 258
Huecan (Huecoid) subseries, 67, 185, 214
Huecoid (La Hueca Culture), 61, 144, 159–167, 171–181, 185, 187–188, 190, 191, 214, 392, 398, 400, 454
Hope Estate site (St. Martin), 87, 186–187, 412, 454
Hueyou (Carib chief), 99
Hulme, Peter, 12
Human Relations Area Files (HRAF), 86
Hurricane, 3, 48, 49, 51–52, 55, 79, 143, 276, 287, 367, 526
Hutía, 72, 271, 383, 386, 387
Huts, 101, 103, 257, 367, 368
I
Ice ages, 53, 272, 476
Ice-free corridor, 474–477
Iconography, 40, 145, 152, 163, 240, 242, 339, 340
Ideographic, 166
Igneri, 12, 65, 106, 171, 178
Iguana, 72, 100, 265, 266, 271
Imperial Lighthouse Cave (Abaco, Bahamas), 412
Inagua (Bahamas), 270
Incense burner, 146, 163
Indentured labor, 526, 528, 531, 549
India, 526, 531
Indian Creek site (Antigua), 37, 120
Indio River (Puerto Rico), 128
Indios, 11, 101
Indios flecheros, 11
Infrastructure, 526
Institute of Nautical Archaeology (Texas A&M), 530
Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP), 562
Interaction spheres, 132, 166, 207, 222, 270, 290, 304–305, 333, 336, 338, 400, 490, 569, 573
International Association for Caribbean Archaeology (IACA), 2, 27–36, 184, 486, 527, 568, 573, 574
Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ), 47, 49
Iridescent Period, 159
Iron, 102, 275, 276, 548
Irwin, Geoffrey, 143
Islandscape, 206–208
Isthmo-Colombian Area, 129–131, 154–167, 395, 401
J
Jabao, 564
Jácanas site (PO-29, PR), 563
Jacksonville Cave (East Caicos), 273
Jade 166, 179, 181
Jadeite, 160, 161, 164, 268, 289, 291, 340
Jaguar, 164, 455
(p. 586) Jaketown site (Mississippi, US), 130, 238
Jamaica National Heritage Trust (JNHT), 251
Jamaican indigenous tribes, 253
Jardines de la Reina, (Cuba), 10
Jewish community on Nevis, 527, 533
Jolly Beach site (Antigua), 128
Jones, Sharyn, 379
Jones, Siân, 561
Jönsson Marquet, Sofia, 488
Juan Dolio site (Dominican Republic), 412
K
Kalina (Kalinago), 12, 66, 97, 102, 105, 107, 114, 151
Keegan, William F. 78, 84, 87, 165, 187, 201, 223, 250, 254, 256, 257, 268, 269, 279, 297–298, 304, 335, 339, 355, 379, 410–411, 414, 573
Kelbey’s Ridge site (Saba), 211, 335, 412, 440–441, 456, 460–463, 465
Kelley, David, 289
King Helmet site (Puerto Rico), 398
Kokama-Omagua language, 114
Koski-Karel, Daniel A., 298
Kozlowski, J. K., 130
Krieger, A., 514
Krum Bay site (St. Thomas, USVI), 128, 134
Kwatta, 212
L
L’Anse Sainte-Marguerite site (Guadeloupe), 413
La Cucama site (Dominican Republic), 438
La Caleta site (Dominican Republic), 179
La Catedral Cave (Puerto Rico), 49
La Dèsirade (Guadeloupe), 209, 211–212, 412
La Escondida de Buscuey site (Cuba), 235, 239
La generación del 30, 562
La Gruta site (Venezuela), 179, 184
La Hueca site (Vieques, PR), 162, 164, 172, 177, 178, 179
La Isabela (Dominican Republic), 422, 427
La Lune 1 site (Trinidad), 147
La Sevilla (Jamaica), 253, 259
La Unión site (Dominican Republic), 438
La Voute à Minguet site (Haiti), 500
Lago Valencia site (Venezuela), 165
Lagoon, 49, 141, 210, 380
Laguna de Limones site (Cuba), 398–399, 514–515
Laguna Tortuguero (Puerto Rico), 395
Lake Agassiz, 54
Lake Chichancanab (Yucatan), 287
Lake Maracaibo (Venezuela), 63, 64
Lake Miragoane (Haiti), 53, 287
Landsat ETM+, 301
Landscapes of power, 529
Las Aves Island, 4
Las Casas, Bartolomé de, 9–11, 71, 74, 252, 268, 275, 316, 348, 364, 494, 505, 507
Las Islas de los Lucayos, 11, 276
Late Saladoid, 180, 190–192, 206–207, 209–210, 212, 214, 367, 398, 402, 443, 455, 498
Lathrap, Donald W., 114, 116, 118
Latin American Social Archaeology, 365, 367
Lavoutte site (Saint Lucia), 211, 456, 458–460
Lead isotopes, 419
Least-cost methods, 305, 393, 475
Lee, James W., 251, 254, 258, 259, 260
Leeward Islands, 4, 7, 60, 62–67, 78, 99, 100, 106, 143–144, 148, 186–187, 190, 192, 199, 200, 202, 206–207, 211, 223, 285–286, 380
LeFebvre, Michelle, 386
Leiden University, 106, 367, 422, 440, 453, 454, 571
Le Trois Rivières Archaeological Park (Guadeloupe), 500
Levisa sites (Cuba), 127, 133, 234, 244n3
Lifeline model, 335
Limestone, 3, 4, 128, 135, 208, 213, 380, 412, 459, 526, 532
Lingua franca, 11–12, 64, 68, 114, 151
Lingual Surface Attrition of Maxillary Anterior Teeth (LSAMAT), 443
Link, Marian, 529
Lithic Age, 11, 132, 133, 142, 198, 364
Lithic ornaments, 177–179, 187, 193
Lithic raw materials, 131, 132, 162, 318, 423
Lithic tools, 130–135, 156,-157, 235–237, 251, 395–396
Lithic traditions/industries, 62–63, 131, 143, 185, 233–234, 236, 238, 243, 442, 572
Little River Period, 254–256, 260
Little River site (Jamaica), 254, 256–257
Lokono language, 65, 114, 151
Loma de La Forestal site (Cuba), 235, 240
Long Bay (San Salvador, Bahamas), 270, 271–272
Long Cay (South Caicos), 225, 266, 269
Longley, G. C., 250–251
Longue durée, 116
López Belando, Adolfo, 487, 489
Los Barrancos, 146, 147, 149
Los Buchillones site (Cuba), 422, 427
Los Testigos Islands (Venezuela), 143, 150
Lost-wax technique, 514, 517
Lovén, Sven, 24, 27, 251, 359n8
Lucayan, 10, 11, 24, 61, 63, 67, 68, 78, 264–276, 383
Lucero Cave (Puerto Rico), 497
Lukku Cairi, 264
Luna Calderón, Fernando, 439
Lyew-Ayce, P., 299
(p. 587) M
Mabaruma, 118
Macambo site (Cuba), 398–399
MacArthur, Robert, 3
Maclachlan, Morgan D., 78, 297–298, 304, 355
Macorís (Macorix), 12, 61, 63, 64, 67, 68, 71, 73, 79, 316
Magua cacicazgo, 316
Maguana cacicazgo, 268–269
Maima village (Jamaica), 253
Maipurán language (Maipure), 64–67, 114
Maisabel site (Puerto Rico), 87–88, 162, 187, 411–412, 455, 490, 509, 516–518
Maison, Sociétés à (House Societies), 117, 317, 363
Maize (Zea mays), 72, 131, 134, 135–136, 156, 180, 185, 236, 271, 289, 393–399, 400, 401–403, 408, 410–411
Majolica, 275
Malambo site (Colombia), 162
Maloca, 214, 367, 455
Mamoran (Troumassoid) subseries, 192, 205, 212
Manicuaroid/Manicuaran, 130, 143, 174, 236
Manigat Cave (Haiti), 412
Manioc (Manihot esculenta), 66, 72, 100, 118–119, 134, 135–136, 156, 177, 180, 185, 198, 210, 271, 320, 392–402, 411, 481
Manos, 129–130, 134, 185, 400
Manzanilla 1 site (Trinidad), 150, 456
Marac site (Trinidad), 151
Marajó site (Brazil), 119
Margarita Island, 3–4, 142–143, 286
María de La Cruz Cave (Puerto Rico), 175
Maroonage, 526
Maroons, 16, 254, 259, 526, 528, 532, 542–551
Marquardt, William H., 289
Marriage, 73, 81, 86–93, 122, 146, 163
Marshall, Yvonne, 369–370
Martinique, 23, 103–107, 144, 186, 209–210, 292, 320, 493, 506, 527, 533, 551, 568, 574
Martinón-Torres, Marcos, 516
Martyr, Peter, 9, 71, 252, 348, 494
Maruca site (Puerto Rico), 128, 135 158, 395, 397, 400, 443
Marunguey (guáyiga; see Zamia), 395–399, 402
Marxist approaches, 233, 439
Masks, 117–118, 273
Mason, J. Alden, 365
Matanzas province (Cuba), 397
Matinino Island, 505, 506
Matrilineage, 87, 91
Matrilineal descent, 78, 84, 86, 91, 298, 316, 355, 481
Matrilocal residence, 78, 84, 86–87, 91, 355, 471, 481
Matunherí, 73
Matuwari Maroons (Matawai), 546
Maunabo Valley (Puerto Rico), 87
Maunday’s Bay site (Anguilla), 412
Mauritius, 549
Maussian exchange theory, 332
Maya, 122, 289, 306, 424, 475
Mayabonex, 79
Mayarí (Cuba), 234, 237–238
Mayes, Phillip, 529–530, 534
Mazaruni River (Guyana), 518
MC-6 (Middle Caicos), 88, 268–269, 320, 339
MC-12 (Middle Caicos), 88, 268
MC-32 (Middle Caicos), 275
McKern, W. C., 25–26
Meillac site (Haiti), 220, 222
Meillac style, 14, 176
Meillacan (Ostionoid) subseries, 14, 67, 68, 222, 245, 251, 256, 260, 265–266, 267, 268, 270, 514, 518, 519
Meillacoid, 14, 61, 80, 81, 174, 175–176, 222–230, 239, 240–244, 245, 338, 398
Mejías site (Cuba), 235, 237, 239
Meggers, Betty J., 165
Melanesia, 143, 207, 315, 317–318, 320, 332
Melgarrejo de Cordovo, Fernando, 253–254
Mendez, Diego, 253
Mercator map, 252
Metal tools, 102
Metates, 166, 185
Michener, James, 10
Middle Caicos, 225, 229, 265, 268–269, 275, 320
Middleton Cay (South Caicos), 225, 227, 228, 265–266, 269
Migration, African, 412, 422, 424, 549, 558
Migration, Americas, 48, 470–482
Migration, Arawak, 63–66, 117–123, 159, 162–165, 175–181, 185–187, 211, 223, 238, 284, 382, 392n2, 495
Migration, Archaic (Pre-Arawak), 62–63, 127–137, 144, 173–175, 234, 236, 284, 381, 394–395
Migration, Carib, 12, 66–67, 105–106, 568
Migration, contemporary, 296, 558, 563
Milford I site (Tobago), 128, 134, 381
Milling stones, 130–131, 134, 157, 395–396
Mimbres Valley (New Mexico, US), 51
Miskito, 551
Missionaries, 12, 98–104
Mobility, 9, 15, 39, 51, 52, 77, 105, 127, 129, 131–133, 187, 242, 300, 307, 315, 327–340, 392, 394, 418–427, 441, 444, 453, 457, 508, 518, 519
Modal analysis, 14, 25–26
Modes of Religiosity theory, 498
Modo de vida, 238, 245n5, 266, 382
Mol, Angus A., 318
Molasses Reef shipwreck (West Caicos), 276
Mollusks (see shellfish), 177, 187, 228, 229, 265–267, 271, 381
(p. 588) Momil I site (Colombia), 238
Mona Passage, 64, 74, 80, 222–223, 331
Monserrate site (Puerto Rico), 87, 509
Montecristi (Dominican Republic), 514
Montego Bay style, 14, 256–257
Montones, 72, 393
Monumental architecture, 77, 383, 385, 529
Mora Cave (Puerto Rico), 497
Morel site (Guadeloupe), 87, 454–455
Moreno(a), 564
Morgan, Lewis Henry, 363
Moriche/Buriti Palm (Mauritia flexuosa), 119
Morne Cybèle site (La Dèsirade), 211
Morne Rita cave (Marie-Galante), 209–210
Morne Souffleur site (La Dèsirade), 211
Mortars, 239, 400
Mortuary behavior, 211, 423, 452–466
Motagua Fault Zone, 160
Mother of pearl, 148, 158, 162, 179
Moulton-Barrett, Edward, 251
Mountain River Cave (Jamaica), 500
Mount Irvine (Tobago), 144–145, 148
Mount Irvine complex, 144–145, 148
Mount Scenery (Saba), 213
Mountain River Cave (Jamaica), 500
Mt. Misery maroon site (St. Kitts), 551
Mt. Pelée volcano (Martinique), 526
Mulato(a), 564
Mulligan, Connie J., 472
Mullu (Spondylus sp.), 162
Multivocal, 561
Mummification, 461, 463, 465
Munn, Nancy D., 322
Museum of the American Indian (Heye Foundation), 23
Mythology, 71, 73, 75, 79–80, 105, 122, 145, 147, 176, 193, 271, 274, 354, 356, 455, 494, 495, 496, 504, 560
N
Nacou bay (Guadeloupe), 104
Nahua genome, 480
Nanny Town (Jamaica), 259, 545–546, 548, 551, 551
Narganes Storde, Yvonne, 386
National Geographic magazine, 529
Nationalism, 564
Nearest-neighbor analysis, 297–298, 303–305
Negril (Jamaica), 286
Negrito(a), 564
Negritud, 564
Nelson’s Dockyard (Antigua), 529
Neoindian, 400
Neolithic, 37, 115, 121, 177, 237
Neolocal residence, 87, 89
Neotropical, 394, 409
Nepoio, 151
Netherlands, 16n1, 422, 453
Netherlands Antilles, 4, 5, 16n1, 286, 380, 402, 411, 440, 491, 492, 500, 526
Network analysis, 132, 296–306, 329–340, 352, 355
Network, communication, 118, 141–142, 152
Network, interaction and exchange, 28, 38–39, 120, 132, 148, 151, 160, 162–166, 178, 186–188, 207, 209, 275, 291, 314, 317, 329–340, 371, 396–397, 401, 509, 518
Network, local, 300, 304, 337–338, 353, 357
Network, pan-regional (long-distance), 28, 132, 159–160, 162–166, 178, 187, 188, 207, 208, 339–340, 509, 518
Network, political, 39, 121, 348–350, 357
Network, regional, 119, 159, 162–166, 207, 209, 338–339, 396–397
Network, settlement, 112, 120, 209, 215, 304, 357
Network, “Small World”, 334
Nevis, 100, 128, 488, 490, 527 532, 533
New Archaeology, 22, 348
New Guinea, 77
New Providence (Bahamas), 266–267, 270, 272–273
Newry site (Jamaica), 255, 257, 258
New Seville pottery, 259
Newsom, Lee Ann, 289, 378
New South Archaeology, Inc., 563
Newton plantation (Barbados), 413, 422, 424, 426, 533
Nicaragua, 234, 284, 508
Nitrogen isotopes, 210, 406–415, 419, 422, 424
Norr, Lynette, 410–411, 413
North America, 24, 40, 51, 111, 117, 129, 130, 172, 238, 285, 289, 291, 381, 408, 475–482, 534, 544, 551, 572
North Atlantic climate system, 47–55
North Atlantic Oscillation, 49
North Bannerman Cave (Eleuthera, Bahamas), 412
Nostril bowl, 145, 456
Nova Scotia, 549, 551
Nozay, 505
Nuyorican, 563
O
Obsidian, 158
Oceanography, 199–202
Old Accompong Town (Jamaica), 545, 548
Old Harbour (Jamaica), 251
Oliver, José, 39, 40, 78, 79, 85, 87, 88, 122, 350, 386, 496–497, 517
Olsen, Fred, 116
Oranje Bay (St. Eustatius), 350
Orient province (Cuba), 68
Ortoiroid, 63–64, 68, 142, 143–144, 198, 284
Orton, Clive, 302
Osborne, F. J., 254
Osgood, Cornelius, 25
Osteological studies, 33, 272, 436–446
(p. 589) Osteophytosis, 274
Ostionan (Ostionoid) subseries, 68, 212, 222–223, 225, 251, 254–255, 264, 517–518
“Other”, 73, 560
Ouicou (manioc beer), 100, 101
Outposts, 78, 211, 265
Oviedo y Valdés, Gonzalo Fernández de, 9, 71–72, 271, 275, 348, 364, 494, 505
Oxygen isotopes, 15, 50
P
Pacific, 9, 110, 113, 117–118, 143, 201, 292, 306, 381, 385, 474, 477
Padre Nuestro Cave (Dominican Republic), 128, 133
Paleobotany, 33, 391, 393, 407, 412, 415
Paleodiet, 33, 402, 406–415, 418, 443
Palikur, 114, 151
Palmeres Maroon site (Brazil), 551
Palmetto Junction site (Providenciales, TCI), 383
Palmetto Ware basket impressed, 269
Palmetto Ware pottery, 267–271
Palm fruits, 119, 237, 400
Palo Seco style pottery, 144–145, 146, 147
Panama, 130, 157, 162, 163, 164, 166, 394, 395, 479, 519
Pané, Ramón, 9, 348
Paramount chief, 73, 316, 348
Parque Nacional los Haitises (Dominican Republic), 487
Parque Nacional Viñales (Cuba), 487
Parrotfish, 271, 272, 384
Parrots, 101, 265, 269, 387
Paso del Indio site (Puerto Rico), 128, 134, 402, 412, 414, 441–442
Patana style, 489–490
Pathologies, 258, 274–275, 402, 426, 437–443
Patrilineal descent, 86
Patrilocal residence, 86–87, 481
Patrimony (see heritage), 2
Patterson, Thomas, 26
Payne, D., 114
Peanut (Maní; Arachis hypogaea), 185, 237
Pearls Inner Rim Incised pottery, 144–145
Pearls site (Grenada), 187
Pectorals, 505, 509, 514, 518
Peer-polity, 121, 207, 215, 350–351
Pelican Cay (Middle Caicos), 225, 265
Pendants, 101, 135, 146, 148, 160–162, 163, 164, 187–188, 193, 267, 268, 318, 454, 514, 516
Pendant, axe-god, 163
Pendant, bobito, 135
Pendant, frog-shaped, 164, 454
Pendant, gold/guanín, 514, 516, 518–519
Pendant, jaguar tooth, 164
Pendant, King Vulture, 148, 161
Pendant, peccary tooth, 164
Pendant, Zenú, 514
Pepper pot, 72, 100, 271
Personhood, 122, 452
Pestle, 339
Pestle, William J., 385, 414, 418
Petersen, James B., 207, 351, 488, 534
Petite Rivière site (La Dèsirade), 209, 412
Petitjean Roget, Henry, 53, 493, 496
Petrographic analysis, 265, 534, 571
Petroglyphs, 79, 120, 191, 207, 209–210, 250, 251, 259, 272,-273, 306, 350, 370, 487–500
Phylogenetic, 330–331, 472–473, 476
Physiography, 298, 299, 526
Piapoco language, 114, 477
Pico Duarte (Dominican Republic), 7
Pictograph, 259, 487–494, 495, 497, 499
Pig (Sus scrofa), 102, 424, 427
Pigeon Creek site (San Salvador, Bahamas), 88, 266–267, 269, 271
Pink Wall site (New Providence, Bahamas), 266–267
Pirates, 253, 528
PK-11 site (French Guiana), 400
Playita (Cuba), 130, 235, 237, 239
Plazuelas, 87
Pleistocene, 4, 48, 133, 141, 244n3, 394, 476
Plum Piece site (Saba), 128, 135–136, 381, 395, 396, 397
Plymouth complex, 151
Pointe de Grande Anse site (Guadeloupe), 456
Pointe des Chateaux site (Guadeloupe), 209
Political alliances, 122, 147, 150, 316, 497
Political dynamics, 38–39, 120–122, 186, 211, 268, 335, 413–414, 509, 518
Political economy, 26, 78, 81, 85, 89–93, 114, 118, 230, 272, 347–359, 386
Political ideology, 41, 121, 122
Political organization, 21, 39–40, 72, 77, 78, 112, 115–116, 121, 186, 207, 264, 276, 298, 304, 306, 347–359, 364, 497, 546
Political power, 117, 243, 264, 266, 415, 497
Politics, 21, 121, 260, 264, 268, 269, 306, 316–317, 333, 407, 509, 556–564
Politics of archaeology, 560–561, 574
Politics, modern, 2, 41, 69, 70–71, 75, 365, 486, 557–565, 574
Polychrome pottery decoration, 144, 180–181, 188
Polygyny, 316
Polynesia, 549
Ponce de León, Juan, 506
Port-au-Prince (Haiti), 11
Port Morant style, 257
Port of trade, 211, 216, 269, 529
Port Royal (Jamaica), 526, 529–530, 534, 549
Portugués River Dam project (Puerto Rico), 563
(p. 590) Postcolonial, 2, 535, 545
Post-contact, 514, 546
Postmarital residence, 84, 86–87, 89, 90
Postmortem mobility, 330
Postprocessual perspective, 495, 497
Posts/Postholes, 258, 365, 368, 463, 571–572
Post-Saladoid, 38, 151, 191, 192, 205–216, 364, 456
Poverty Point site (Louisiana, US), 130
Preacher’s Cave (Eleuthera, Bahamas), 266, 271, 274
Preagroalfarera, 234, 238
Pre-Arawak (see Archaic), 11, 38, 74, 129–137, 185, 160, 163, 167, 185, 264, 391–403
Pre-Arawak plant use, 391–403
Pre-Arawak Pottery Horizon, 134, 223, 382
Privateers, 528
Protoagrícola, 237–239
Providence, 551
Providenciales (TCI), 383
Puerto Ferro site (Vieques, PR), 134–136, 395, 397, 400, 443
Puerto Hormiga site (Colombia), 176
Puerta Plata province (Dominican Republic), 275, 398
Puerto Real site (Haiti), 275, 527
Punctate motifs, 159, 223, 256
Punta Bayahibe site (Dominican Republic), 134
Punta Candelero site (Puerto Rico), 67, 164, 177, 402, 414, 454–455, 455–456
Punta Gorda complex, 143
Punta Ostiones site (Puerto Rico), 87–88
Q
Quartz, 147, 148, 160, 179, 268, 454, 457
Quechua genome, 480
Quinam site (Trinidad), 147
R
Radiocarbon dating, 14–15, 37, 50, 66, 173, 186, 189, 199, 201–203, 225–226, 236, 240, 241–242, 244n3, 245n8, 255, 265, 267, 271–272, 275, 284, 285, 414, 427, 438, 447
Radiocarbon dates, Bahama archipelago, 225–226, 265, 267, 271–272, 275
Radiocarbon dates, Cuba, 240, 241–242, 244n3, 245n8
Radiocarbon dates, earliest, 173, 236, 244n3, 285, 438
Radiocarbon dates, Jamaica, 255
Radiocarbon dates, Meillacoid, 225–226, 240, 265
Radiocarbon dates, post-contact, 259, 271, 275
Radiocarbon dates, Saladoid, 37, 284
Raiding, 66, 97, 99, 100, 104, 275, 330, 528
Rainey, Froelich G., 26–27, 33, 172, 438
Rainforest, 8, 380
Rampersad, S. R., 256
Rancheria, 86
Ranking, food value, 272, 385, 402, 414
Ranking, settlement, 91, 371
Ranking, sociopolitical, 91, 93, 117, 146, 207, 226, 252, 269, 273, 350, 356, 358n7, 497
Rank-size distribution, 298, 300
Rattle, 273
Reciprocity, 166, 313, 315, 330, 337, 560
Redware, Jamaican, 251, 254, 256–257, 258
Reeder’s Pen (Jamaica), 545, 547
Reid, Basil, 127, 299
Rendezvous Bay site (Anguilla), 213, 412, 456
Repartidor, 528
Resins, 519
Retreat sites (Jamaica), 258, 260
Ribeiro, L. A., 114
Rice rats, 210, 387
Righter, Elizabeth, 259–260, 535
Riley, Thomas, 131
Río Grande de Arecibo (Puerto Rico), 443
Río Guapo style pottery, 67, 145, 162–163, 176
Río Tanamá (Puerto Rico), 443
River site (Barbuda), 128, 135, 136
Riverine, 113, 184, 187, 193–194, 298, 380, 383
Rivero de la Calle, Manuel, 438–439
Roads, 119, 121, 269, 302
Robertson, J., 254
Rochefort, Charles de, 106
Roe, Peter, 455, 489, 493–494, 497, 498, 499
Ronquín complex, 38, 64, 179, 184–185
Rodríguez Ramos, Reniel, 41, 223, 299, 518, 572
Rosales engraved pottery, 162
Rosman, Abraham, 315
Rouse, Irving, 3, 11, 12, 14, 25–26, 37, 39, 73–74, 75, 80, 105, 116, 144, 171, 173, 184, 185, 190, 192, 193, 199, 205, 221, 222–223, 233, 241, 245, 252, 256, 259, 289, 297, 330–331, 332, 351, 438, 439
Royal Copenhagen, 530
Royal Navy Hospital (Antigua), 413
Rubel, Paula G., 315
Rum Cay (Bahamas), 272–273, 412
Rupert Bay (Dominica), 104
(p. 591) S
Sable Blanc site (French Guiana), 400
Sabloff, Jeremy, 22, 25
SAC-2 site (French Guiana), 400
Sahlins, Marshall, 336, 337
Saint Lucia, 105, 107, 202, 209–210, 211, 402, 493, 551
Saladero complex, 184
Saladero site (Venezuela), 179
Saladoid veneer, 212
Saltibus Point/Pointe de Caille site (Saint Lucia), 211, 440, 456
Salt River (St. Croix), 87, 88, 99
Samana Cay (Bahamas), 275
Sandy Ground site (St. Martin), 128
Sandy Hill site (Anguilla), 209, 412
Sanoja Obediente, Mario, 37–38, 165, 184
San Salvador (Bahamas), 63, 225, 266–267, 268, 269, 270, 271–272, 272, 527
Santa Clara, Cristóbal de, 508
Santa Marta site (Colombia), 176, 508–509
Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), 180
Santos, A. L., 258
Sapodilla (Manilkara zapota), 157
Saunders, M. A., 52
Saunders, Nicholas J., 259
Sawmill Sink blue hole (Abaco, Bahamas), 133, 266
Scanning electron microscope (SEM), 516
Schmidt, Max, 116
Schoeninger, Margaret, 410, 414
Scmorl’s modes, 274
Seaman’s Valley (Jamaica), 545
Sea level fluctuations, 3, 48, 53–55, 128, 141, 208, 256, 284, 285, 286
Sears, William H., 25, 131
Seascape, 1, 9
Sea urchins, 210
Seboruco-Levisa (Cuba), 235–236
Seboruco-Mordán (Cuba), 234, 235–236
Semántica fugitiva, 564
Seminole, 546, 548
Semiprecious stones, 146, 159, 166, 178–179, 188, 340, 454
Settlement, Arawak in Florida, 288
Settlement, Carib, 101, 103
Settlement, earliest, 62, 64, 127, 171, 201, 234–235, 290–291, 364, 370, 381
Settlement, historic, 98, 100, 105, 107, 259, 422, 424, 526, 527–528, 531, 532, 542–551
Settlement, Huecoid, 177
Settlement, Lucayan, 88, 268
Settlement, Maroon, 127, 259, 532, 542–551
Settlement, Meillacoid, 224–229, 265–266
Settlement, Ostionoid, 88–93
Settlement pairs, 78, 209, 268, 297–298, 303–304, 355
Settlement, Saladoid, 85–90, 144, 150, 172, 179–180, 191, 200–203, 207, 214, 298
Settlement, Taíno, 70–81, 88, 257, 259, 348, 352
Seville Heritage Park (Jamaica), 259
Seville La Nueva (Jamaica), 527–528
Seville plantation (Jamaica), 531
Shaman (see behique), 73, 85, 101, 113, 145–146, 148, 150, 178, 207, 214, 215, 273, 274, 337, 350, 495, 497–498
Sharks, 72, 457
Shekerley Mountains maroon site (Antigua), 551
Shellfish (see mollusks), 100,177, 187, 228, 229, 265–267, 268, 271, 381, 384
Shell masks (guaízas), 78, 79, 318, 339, 505, 506
Shell Mound Archaic, 131
Sherlock, Phillip M., 250
Shirley, Sir Anthony, 253
Siegel, Peter E., 85, 86, 90, 298, 350, 358n3, 535, 568
Silberman, Neil A., 561
Sierra de Baharuco Mountains (Hispaniola), 4
Sierra Leone, 551
Sierra Maestra Mountains (Cuba), 7
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta site (Cuba), 514
Silver Sands site (Barbados), 455
Skin color, 562–564
Slash-and-burn horticulture, 100, 187, 392, 393, 395, 397, 398–399
Slave revolts, 526, 532
Slavery, precolonial, 83
Slavery, Africans, 103, 413, 422, 424, 426, 525–535, 541, 544–551
Slavery, Native Peoples, 12, 71, 99, 104, 253, 275, 276
Sloth, 133, 380
Snuff inhaler, 163, 456, 459, 460
Soares, P., 472, 474
Social memory, 214–215, 319, 451, 456, 463, 556–560
Social Network Analysis (SNA), 333–336
Social Organization, 10, 75, 78, 84–93, 116, 178, 206–208, 214, 222, 226–227, 230, 253, 304, 349, 355, 363, 384, 425, 569
Sorcé site (Vieques, PR), 67, 87, 164, 174, 177–178, 187, 454–455
(p. 592) Social Identity theory, 559–560
Socialized landscape (socioscape), 559
Social reproduction, 356, 371, 452
South Caicos, 225, 227, 228, 265–266, 269
Southeastern Archaeological Research, (SEARCH, Inc.), 443–444
Southern Caribbean Region, 3–4
Spanish American War, 562
Spatial sutocorrelation, 297, 302–303
Spheroliths, 130, 135
Spiritual, 131, 149, 207, 215, 289, 354, 487, 495–497, 507, 551
Spouses, 89, 209, 312, 314, 315–317, 318, 323
Spring Bay site (Saba), 411, 412
St. Ann’s Bay (Jamaica), 252–253, 530
St. Ann site (Jamaica), 179
St. Catherine’s site (Trinidad), 151
St. Croix (US Virgin Islands), 23, 99, 488, 526
St. James Parish (Jamaica), 257
St. John’s shipwreck (Bahamas), 275–276
St. John site (Trinidad), 127, 130
St. John (US Virgin Islands), 488, 532, 533
St. Kitts, 23, 100, 128, 526, 532, 551
St. Martin greenstone, 457
St. Martin/St. Maarten, 128, 135, 136, 148–149, 186, 187, 412, 427, 454, 457, 490–491, 526, 533
St. Thomas (US Virgin Islands), 24, 402, 426, 441, 455, 456, 488, 529, 530, 551
St. Thomas Parish (Jamaica), 257
St. Vincent, 23, 67, 105–107, 201–202, 208, 209, 210, 212, 300, 402, 455, 456, 493, 527, 551
Stable isotope analysis, 15, 33, 50, 167, 210, 272, 315–316, 386, 402, 403, 406–415, 418–427, 437, 441, 442, 445, 457, 459–460, 570, 572
Starch grain analysis, 72, 134, 156, 180, 236, 267, 271, 394–403, 570, 571
Stargate blue hole (Andros, Bahamas), 274
Steadman, David M., 379
Stepping-stone configuration, 3, 186–187, 199, 200, 201, 283–285, 290–291, 292, 334, 498
Steward, Julian H., 23, 38, 113
Stewart Castle site (Jamaica), 258, 260
Stokes, Anne V., 272, 379, 412, 414
Stone bowls, 223
Stone collars, 79, 289, 350, 498
Stone daggers, 135
Stone-lined plazas, 77, 79, 166–167, 350
Stone ornaments, 146, 148, 188, 193, 259–260, 268, 454, 457
Strait of Florida, 285
Stratigraphy, 22, 37, 125, 147, 151, 201, 235, 258, 296, 545
String sawing, 161–162
Strombus (Lobatus sp.) 72, 81n1, 135, 181, 339–340, 454, 457
Strontium isotopes, 15, 418–427, 457, 459–460
Structure from Motion (SfM) technique, 570
Suazoid, 65–67, 209, 212, 213
Suazan (Troumassoid) subseries, 205, 212
Subsistence, 15, 26–27, 28, 33, 41, 85, 100, 119, 128, 134, 135, 142, 143, 155, 173, 175, 209, 210, 439–441, 443, 453, 546, 568, 569, 572
Sub-Taíno, 11, 73, 230, 237, 252
Succession, 78, 84, 269
Sugar Factory Pier site (St. Kitts), 128
Sugar production, 524, 528–534, 549, 564
Sulfur isotopes, 414, 419
Sullivan, Shaun D., 25
Superstructures, 233, 439
Supra-village constellation, 215
Suriname, 209, 544–548, 550–551
Swanton, J. R., 253
Sweet potato (aje; Ipomoea batatas), 72, 100, 102, 133, 156, 185, 210, 236, 292, 293, 393–402
Syphilis, 438
T
Taguaguas, 505
Taíno/Carib relations, 71, 97–106, 216, 284
Taíno cacicazgos, 76–78, 348–359
Taíno genome, 481–482
Taíno in Bahamas, 268–273
Taíno in Jamaica, 252–260
Taíno in Lesser Antilles, 208, 215, 460
Taíno in Spanish accounts, 70–73
Taíno language, 61–69, 264, 289
Taíno mythology, 79–80
Taíno rebellion of 1511, 99
Taíno revivalism, 70, 76, 562–564
Taíno rock art, 492, 494, 497, 499
Taíno social organization, 78, 84–93
Taínoness, 24, 564
Tairona, 136
Tannia/Yautia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium), 156, 185
Tectonic, 4, 54, 208, 286
Teeth, dog, 454, 456
Teeth, peccary, 164
Teeth, shark, 72, 457
Teeth, stone grater, 185, 400
Theory of Island Biogeography, 3
Theuvet, André, 104
Three Dog site (San Salvador, Bahamas), 267
Three-pointed stones (trigonolith), 78, 79, 130, 135, 148–149, 181, 191, 338–339, 350, 498
Tibes ceremonial site (Puerto Rico), 77, 120, 122, 210, 215, 355, 383, 384, 385, 402, 414, 442
Ticuna, 477, 479
(p. 593) Tobacco, 72, 102, 104, 105, 145
Tobago, 4, 120, 128, 130, 134, 141–152, 185, 190, 198, 199, 200, 284, 286, 290, 336, 379, 380, 381, 490, 532
Tolan languages, 62, 68, 289
Tommaso Porcacchi map of 1576, 252
Tooth loss and wear, human, 400, 424
Topography, 1, 120, 286, 290, 302, 303, 305, 379, 380, 491, 526
Torres-Etayo, Daniel, 39
Torres, Joshua, 299–300, 573
Tortoise, 265, 266
Trade language, 11–12, 64, 68, 114, 151, 207–208, 216
Traders, 49, 51, 287
Transculturation, 233, 238, 239, 244n1, 444, 499–500
Trants site (Montserrat), 87, 187
Treponemal diseases, 258, 426
Trelawney (Jamaica), 257
Trigger, Bruce, 21–22
Trigue, 564
Trio, 209
Tronolone, Carmine A., 298
Trophic level, 379, 387, 408
Tropical, 115, 119–120, 143, 222, 229, 287, 289
Tropical diaspora, 112–113, 115
Tropical Forest, 3, 8, 113, 119, 120, 142, 364
Tropical Forest society, 115–116, 398
Troumassan (Troumassoid) subseries, 150–151, 192, 205, 212
Tuido Maroon site (Suriname), 551
Tuob, 505
Tupi-Guarani, 113, 114, 119
Turey, 507
Turks & Caicos Islands, 8, 68, 225–230, 264–265, 269–271, 285, 381, 383, 384
Turtles, freshwater, 267, 271, 380
Turtle, hawksbill burial, 456
Turtle imagery, 145, 148, 489
Turtles, sea, 72, 100, 177, 180, 256, 265, 266, 267, 271, 274, 381, 383, 386
Tutishcaiño Culture (Bolivia), 176
Twenty Hill site (Antigua), 128
Tyruceyra (Guadeloupe), 99
U
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 443
U.S. Southeast, 24, 25, 129, 131, 157, 167, 288, 289, 475
U.S. Virgin Islands, 7, 11, 24, 65, 73, 99, 130, 143, 144, 148, 160, 163, 192, 206, 212, 284, 285–286, 289, 300, 350, 371, 380, 441, 486, 488, 490, 491, 493
Underwater archaeology, 128, 526, 529–530
University of Calgary, 199
University of the West Indies, 251, 258
Unremembering, 558
Use-wear studies, 33, 210, 318
V
Valcárcel Rojas, Roberto, 516
Valenciod, 4
Vanderwal, Ronald, 251, 254, 256–257, 258
Van Klinken, Gert Jaap, 411–412
Vargas Arenas, Iraida, 37–38, 165, 184
Varney, Tamara L., 413, 414
Venezuelan Islands, 4, 380, 491
Versos, 275
Vescelius, Gary S., 289, 481
Vespucci, Amerigo, 275
Vieques (Puerto Rico), 61, 65, 67, 103, 133–136, 157, 161–167, 171–172, 175–179, 187, 395, 454, 509, 572
Viewscape, 9
Viewshed, 305–306
Vignier III site (Haiti), 127
Villa Clara province (Cuba), 29, 235
Villa de la Vega (Spanish Town, Jamaica), 353–254
Villafranco, Toribio de, 275
Village, Arauquinoid, 151
Village, Carib, 98–104
Village, Cayoid, 212
Village, concentric circular model, 71, 118, 120, 191
Village, Huecoid, 178–180
Village, Jamaican, 252–253
Village, Lucayan, 268
Village, Macorix, 79
Village, Maroon, 546, 548
Village, Late Saladoid, 214
Village, Post-Saladoid, 209
Village, Saladoid, 191, 214, 441, 184–185
Village, Taíno, 71, 75, 386
Villón site (Puerto Rico), 88
Virilocal residence, 316
Vivé site (Martinique), 14
Volcanic impacts, 3, 4, 128, 134, 208, 213, 380, 412, 459, 526, 532
Vomit spatula, 289, 505
Voudoo, 500
W
Walker, R. S., 114
War club (boutou), 101
(p. 594) Warao (Waroid), 63, 68, 142
Wari, 51
Watters, David R., 534
Wayana, 209
Weeden Island Period, 243
Weiner, Annette B., 320
Wentworth site (Jamaica), 255, 258
West Bay site (Louisiana, US), 130
West Caicos Bank,