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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

At the time of Spanish intervention in the Caribbean, there were seven different indigenous speech communities in the Antilles: Ciboney Taíno in Hispaniola, all of central Cuba, all but the southern Lucayan Islands, and Jamaica; Macorís, in two dialects, in the Dominican Republic section of northern Hispaniola; Ciguayo on the Samaná Peninsula of northeastern Hispaniola; Guanahátabey in Pinar del Río province of far-western Cuba; Classic Taíno in Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Vieques, and the Virgin and Leeward Islands; Kalíphuna in the Windward Islands; and Karina Carib, also in the Windward Islands. This article’s reconstruction of events in the pre-Columbian Antilles encompasses five major physical migrations of people into the islands, commencing about 4000 BC and completing themselves sometime between the years AD 1500 and 1600. The external migrations originated outside the Antillean region, while internal migrations involve the spread of people and culture within the islands.

Keywords: external migrations, Antilles, internal migrations, Spanish intervention, Hispaniola, Ciboney Taíno

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