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date: 01 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses the Caribbean climate and the climatic variability during the Holocene. It contextualizes the Caribbean within the global climate system and examines how global climate events, such as the movement of the Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and cryospheric instability, would have affected the Caribbean. The article uses a wide range of recent research focused on the North Atlantic Climate Systems to establish the variability and impact of Caribbean climate change driven by identified instability and cycles in the atmospheric–oceanic climate systems. It also notes how the key aspects of climate change (temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind direction, and wind speed) created major impacts on pre-Columbian populations in the Caribbean in the form of prolonged droughts, severe floods, dramatic sea-level rises, and intense periods of hurricane activity.

Keywords: Holocene, Caribbean climate, ITCZ, North Atlantic Climate, climatic variability, climate change

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