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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The people who permanently settled in the Bahama Archipelago are known as the Lucayans. During the fifteenth century, the Lucayans of the northern and central Bahamas spoke Ciboney Taíno. In contrast, the Lucayans of the Turks and Caicos spoke Classic Taíno. It is suggested that the Lucayans of the central and northern islands shared economic and cultural ties with the people of northern Cuba and were ethnically the same or biologically descended from them and that the Lucayans who inhabited the Turks and Caicos were directly engaged in the Hispaniolan Taíno interaction sphere. This article notes that the early history of the Bahamas can be divided into three periods: Non-Lucayan (AD 700–1300), Early Lucayan (AD 700/800–1100), and Late Lucayan (AD 1100–1530). Archaeological investigations have increased greatly during the past two decades in Las Islas de Los Lucayos and continuing work promises new questions and greater knowledge.

Keywords: Los Lucayos, Lucayans, Hispaniolan cultures, Turks & Caicos Islands, Ciboney Taíno

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