- The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology
- Caribbean Archaeology in Historical Perspective
- The Climatic Context for Pre-Columbian Archaeology in the Caribbean
- Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean
- The “Classic” Taíno
- Kinship and Social Organization in the Pre-Hispanic Caribbean
- Ethnohistory of the Caribs
- The Arawak Diaspora Perspectives from South America
- The Humanization of the Insular Caribbean
- Gateway to the Mainland Trinidad and Tobago
- Isthmo–Antillean Engagements
- Huecoid Culture and the Antillean Agroalfarero (Farmer-Potter) Period
- The Saladoid
- The Southward Route Hypothesis
- The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (A.D. 600/800–1492)
- Meillacoid and the Origins of Classic Taíno Society
- Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence, and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba
- The Bahama Archipelago
- Archaeological Views of Caribbean Seafaring
- An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean
- Exchange as a Social Contract A Perspective from the Microscale
- Studying Pre-Columbian Interaction Networks Mobility and Exchange
- Rethinking Chiefdoms in the Caribbean
- Household Archaeology in the Pre-Columbian Caribbean
- Zooarchaeology in the Caribbean Current Research and Future Prospects
- Human–Plant Dynamics in the Precolonial Antilles A Synthetic Update
- Stable Isotope Analysis of Paleodiet in the Caribbean
- Paleomobility Research in Caribbean Contexts New Perspectives from Isotope Analysis
- The Study of Pre-Columbian Human Remains in the Caribbean Archipelago From Descriptive Osteology to a Bioarchaeological Approach
- From Corpse Taphonomy to Mortuary Behavior in the Caribbean A Case Study from the Lesser Antilles
- The DNA Evidence for the Human Colonization and Spread Across the Americas Implications for the Peopling of the Caribbean
- Rock Art of the Caribbean
- Metals in the Indigenous Societies of the Insular Caribbean
- New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology
- Transcending Oppression Contributions of Maroon Heritage to Freedom in World History
- The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering
- Caribbean Archaeology in the Next 50 Years
Abstract and Keywords
The people who permanently settled in the Bahama Archipelago are known as the Lucayans. During the fifteenth century, the Lucayans of the northern and central Bahamas spoke Ciboney Taíno. In contrast, the Lucayans of the Turks and Caicos spoke Classic Taíno. It is suggested that the Lucayans of the central and northern islands shared economic and cultural ties with the people of northern Cuba and were ethnically the same or biologically descended from them and that the Lucayans who inhabited the Turks and Caicos were directly engaged in the Hispaniolan Taíno interaction sphere. This article notes that the early history of the Bahamas can be divided into three periods: Non-Lucayan (AD 700–1300), Early Lucayan (AD 700/800–1100), and Late Lucayan (AD 1100–1530). Archaeological investigations have increased greatly during the past two decades in Las Islas de Los Lucayos and continuing work promises new questions and greater knowledge.
Mary Jane Berman (Ph.D. State University of New York-Binghamton, 1989) is director of the Center for American and World Cultures and Associate Professor of Anthropology at Miami University (Oxford, Ohio). She has conducted archaeological and museum research in the American Southwest, New York, the Bahamas, and Cuba. She is the author of numerous articles on the Lucayan lifeways and culture change and is co-director of the Lucayan Ecological Archaeology Project.
Perry L. Gnivecki (Ph.D. State University of New York, Binghamton, 1983) is a Lecturer in Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, Miami University (Oxford, Ohio). He has conducted archaeological research in Peru, Iraq, Illinois, Maryland, New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Cuba, and the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, where he has worked on San Salvador, Long Island, Grand Bahama, and New Providence. He teaches an annual field program in Caribbean archaeology and co-directs the Lucayan Ecological Archaeology Project.
Michael P. Pateman is a Ph.D. student in the School of Planning, University of Cincinnati. He is the Senior Assistant Archaeologist for The Antiquities, Monuments and Museums Corporation, The National Museum of The Bahamas. He is a graduate of Miami University (Oxford, Ohio). His dissertation topic addresses how to integrate community/indigenous based knowledge and scientific knowledge to develop effective plans and policies to protect important cultural and natural resources. His major research interests include human–environmental interactions, pre-Columbian diet, political ecology, and heritage management of The Bahamas.
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