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date: 18 September 2020

Abstract and Keywords

The Saladoid series culture area includes the Orinoco River basin, parts of the north coast of South America, and the Lesser Antilles and Puerto Rico. The Saladoid series first appears in the Middle Orinoco, where it is associated with one of the earliest ceramic groups. The groups associated with the Saladoid series in the Orinoco River valley are typical formative societies. This article notes that it may be more useful to look at other classification systems used in continental America besides the Rousean system. In these systems, Saladoid may be considered as an archaeological tradition and its rapid expansion in the West Indies as a horizon. The article also suggests that the Saladoid phenomenon was one of the major episodes of Amerindian history. This can be detected in all later Antillean cultures and throughout much of the Americas. With its extensive interaction sphere, it provides an arena for the further development of classificatory systems.

Keywords: Saladoid culture, Orinoco River, archaeological tradition, Amerindian history, Middle Orinoco, Rousean system

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