- Consulting Editors
- The Capital Flow from Institutional Investors to Entrepreneurs
- Venture Capital and the Financial Crisis: An Empirical Study across Industries and Countries
- Venture Capital Reputation
- Keys to Fundraising Success in Nascent Venture Capital Firms
- Corporate Venture Capital in the Twenty-First Century: an Integral Part of Firms' Innovation Toolkit
- Corporate Venture Capital: From Venturing to Partnering
- Vipe Financing: Venture (Capital) Investments in Public Equity
- Philanthropic Venture Capital From A Global Perspective: Definition and Investment Strategy
- Venture Capital Before The First Dollar: Deal Origination, Screening, and Evaluation
- Capital Structure Determinants In Growth Firms Accessing Venture Funding
- Venture Capital Staging: Domestic Versus Foreign Vc-Led Investments
- Follow-On Financing of Venture Capital–Backed Companies
- Performance Implications of Venture Capital Syndication Networks
- Valuing Common and Preferred Shares in Venture Capital Financing
- Required Rates of Return and Financial Contracting for Entrepreneurial Ventures
- Financial Contracting in U.S. Venture Capital: Overview and Empirical Evidence
- Time-Inconsistent Preferences and Venture Capital Contracting
- Syndication of Vc Investments, Governance, and Contract Design
- Venture Capital in Germany: The Role of Venture Capital Firms' Experience, Ownership Structure, and Agency Problems
- Venture Capital Law Firms: An Analysis of Equity Investments and Networks
- From Ideas to Products: Financing Innovation and Getting Access to Innovation
- The Impact of Venture Capital on Innovation
- What Drives the Top Line?: Determinants of Sales Revenue in Private Venture–Backed Firms
- Value Added by Angel Investors through Postinvestment Involvement: Exploratory Evidence and Ownership Implications
- The Impact of Venture Capital on the Long-Term Performance of IPO Firms: Evidence from Korea
- Regional Impact of Venture Capital
- Spread, Scope, and Scale in Venture Capital Globalization: A Clustered Globalization Model
- The Development of Venture Capital: Macroeconomic, Political, and Legal Determinants
- A Comparative Analysis of Venture Capital Investment In the United States and Europe
- The Role of Geographic Proximity in Venture Capital
- Geography and Venture Capital Investment in the United States, 1995–2009
- The Role of Government, Venture Capital, and Banks in Closing Liquidity Gaps in the SME Sector of an Emerging Market
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews some recent developments in the literature on venture capital (VC) globalization. It then develops a conceptual model addressing the spread, scope, and scale of globalization in this critical industry that is central to innovation and entrepreneurship. It proposes the clustered globalization model as a unifying construct that brings together the spread, scope, and scale of VC globalization, and provides a baseline framework for thinking about globalization in the VC industry. In clustered globalization, the geographical spread of VC will continue but not in a “world is flat” sense; rather the emergence of more clusters worldwide is expected, and the organizational linkages between them will consist of loosely coupled VC firm families rather than integrated VC multinationals.
Ravi Madhavan is a professor of business administration and the Alcoa Foundation international faculty fellow at the University of Pittsburgh. He obtained his PhD in strategic management from the University of Pittsburgh. Ravi's research focuses on how networks drive value, viewing cognitive salience and action alignment as the twin pathways through which human and organizational networks shape value creation and appropriation. Empirical contexts of primary interest have been steel and venture capital, two very dissimilar industries that have both been relatively slow to globalize.
Akie Iriyama is an assistant professor at the University at Buffalo. He obtained his PhD from the University of Pittsburgh. He has research interests in globalization of venture capital investments, ownership dynamics in international joint ventures, and value creation in corporate acquisitions and divestitures. He also has theoretical interests in real options theory and economic sociology.
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