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date: 19 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Far western Mexico has occupied an ambiguous position within Mesoamerican research, as the region both displays continuity with Mesoamerican culture and provides informative differences. This article demonstrates that the area has been an integral part of the societal networks that criss-cross Mesoamerica through four major transitions over the Pre-Columbian period. It discusses the origins of agricultural and maritime adaptations (7000–2000 bc ), the independent emergence of inequalities (2000–300 bc ), politics and power sharing among lineages (300 bc –500/600 ad ), and Epiclassic reorganization and the Postclassic expansion of trade networks (500/600–1520 ad ).

Keywords: western Mexico, Mesoamerica, societal networks, Pre-Columbian period, agriculture, maritime adaptation, inequality, power sharing, trade networks

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