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date: 29 November 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article attempts to identify the most important theoretical positions in Mesoamerican archaeology, briefly commenting on occasion about some substantive theories. The first real theoretical position would be historical particularism, centered on the cognitive goal of description, and going from the late 1890s to the 1950s, the “foundational period,” followed by neoevolutionism and Marxism with their variants, championing some form of explanation, roughly from the late 1950s and onward, in the “theoretical self-awareness period,” and finally, in a “theoretical diversification” period, with postprocessual archaeologists pursuing hermeneutic Interpretation (from the 1980s onward), and the flourishing of “thematic archaeologies”.

Keywords: Mesoamerica, historical particularism, neoevolutionism, Marixism, hermeneutic interpretation, thematic archaeologies, theoretical self-awareness

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