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date: 05 July 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents an empirical case study of the wide variety of nonofficial settings and reinventions of music listening, recording, and distribution technology in Hungary and Czechoslovakia from the 1960s to the 1980s. Apart from comparing the two settings, it uses the data to discover how individuals used sounds and to consider the question of what those sounds, coupled with their uses, enabled these individuals to do. It also makes an attempt to conceptualize more abstractly about sound and music as a resource for collective agency and action. It considers the two communist regimes in Hungary and Czechoslovakia in regard to control over music, youth policy, technology, and culture. Both “creative constriction” and “dipping into” are present in each country but take different forms, which are revealed in the article.

Keywords: Hungary, Czechoslovakia, sound, music, recording, distribution

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