- The Study of New York Government
- The New York Constitution and the Federal System
- Political Parties in New York
- Campaign Finance Policy in the State and City of New York
- Public Opinion Polling and New York Politics and Governance
- Elections and Election Management
- Lobbying and the Interest Group System
- Politics and the News Media in the Empire State
- The New York State Legislature
- The Governor of New York
- The New York State Comptroller's Office
- The New York State Attorney General
- The Judiciary and Judicial Reform
- The Executive Branch
- New York State and the National Government
- New York in Fiscal Federalism
- The State and Its Localities
- New York State and New York City Relations
- New York State's “Foreign Policy”
- The Public Fisc in New York State
- New York State Education Policy and Politics
- Health Care Politics and Policy in New York State
- Public Safety Policy in New York State
- Higher Education in New York State
- Mental Health Policy in New York State
- Economic Development in New York State
- Welfare Policy in New York State
- The Environment in New York State
- Transportation Policy and Politics in New York State
- The Politics of Energy in New York State
- Selective Bibliography of New York Government and Politics: References
Abstract and Keywords
This article describes public opinion polling as well as politics and governance in New York. The interaction between the polls, press, politicians, and public creates a constant, continual, and reciprocal interplay along six distinct paths (4P process). The 4P process is a core element of the manner in which modern representative democracy works. This process is developed over time as polling grew to maturity while politicians and the press experimented with its utility and implications and addressed the costs of using polling. Polling has become integral to governing. Furthermore, it examined four cases from the two survey models, comparing and contrasting the different parts of each survey in order to determine the effects of forced-choice questions versus intensity scales. Identifying ambivalence significantly lessened support and opposition for each major issue that New Yorkers faced.
Donald Levy is Director of the Siena Research Institute at Siena College.
Ashley Koning is a Ph.D. student in Political Science at Rutgers University.
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