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date: 19 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article introduces the organization of prekindergarten to twelfth grade (P-12) education in New York. It reviews the history and recent developments in the areas of accountability, school finance policy, teacher policy and the role of the unions, and policies regarding school choice and educational alternatives to traditional public schooling. State-level institutions and actors play the greatest role in shaping New York's education system. New York has a reputation for holding students to high academic standards. The mayor's evidence for closing the achievement gap in New York City seems to be drawn in part from an analysis of data from New York's statewide testing program. The education system in New York City changed markedly over the long period of litigation. It is arguable that the most important improvements that New York can make to its education systems are improvements in the ways in which it collects, analyzes, and uses information.

Keywords: education system, New York, litigation, accountability, school finance policy, teacher policy, unions

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