- The Oxford Handbooks in Criminology and Criminal Justice
- The Oxford Handbook of Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice
- List of Contributors
- Juvenile Delinquents and Juvenile Justice Clientele: Trends and Patterns in Crime and Justice System Response
- Heterogeneity in Delinquency
- The Victim-Offender Overlap and Its Implications for Juvenile Justice
- Personal Characteristics of Delinquents: Neurobiology, Genetic Predispositions, Individual Psychosocial Attributes
- Adolescent Development, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice
- Delinquency and Comorbid Conditions
- Predictors of Violent Young Offenders
- Linking Family Processes and Adolescent Delinquency: Issues, Theories, and Research Findings
- Schools and Delinquency
- The Social Side of Delinquent Behavior
- Gang Delinquency
- Communities and Delinquency
- Strain and Delinquency
- Social Learning Theory
- An Emergent Situational and Transactional Theory of Urban Youth Violence
- Legal Socialization and Delinquency
- Understanding Desistance from Juvenile Offending: Challenges and Opportunities
- Delinquency Prevention
- The Elusive Juvenile Court: Its Origins, Practices, and Re-Inventions
- Racial and Ethnic Differences in Delinquency and Justice System Responses
- The Conundrum of Girls and Juvenile Justice Processing
- Competence and Criminal Responsibility in Adolescent Defendants: The Roles of Mental Illness and Adolescent Development
- Policing Juveniles
- The Front End of the Juvenile Court: Intake and Informal versus Formal Processing
- Varieties of Juvenile Court: Nonspecialized Courts, Teen Courts, Drug Courts, and Mental Health Courts
- Procedural Rights in Juvenile Courts: Competence and Consequences
- Restoration, Shame, and the Future of Restorative Practice in U.S. Juvenile Justice
- Probation and Other Noninstitutional Treatment: The Evidence Is In
- Juvenile Corrections: An Overview
- Examining the Effectiveness of Juvenile Residential Programs
- Transfer of Juveniles to Criminal Court
- Youth in Prison and Beyond
- Juvenile Justice Cross-Nationally Considered
- Trends in Juvenile Justice Policy and Practice
Abstract and Keywords
This article reviews research on the personal characteristics of youth that predispose to crime, focusing on the biosocial origins of antisocial behavior. A significant empirical base suggests that certain biological characteristics interact with environmental risk factors to produce higher rates of delinquency. This theme is explored in reviewing research within the domains of genetics, neuroimaging, neurology, neuropsychology, psychophysiology, endocrinology, and early health risks. Efforts have been made to integrate biosocial findings into prevention programs. Although the juvenile justice system may not be in a position to alter biological risk factors, family courts that hear cases of child abuse and neglect may be able to mitigate psychosocial risk factors by mandating therapies for youth and parenting classes for caretakers. Intervention and prevention efforts that utilize this approach represent promising avenues for the future treatment and prevention of criminal and delinquent behavior.
Melissa Peskin is a doctoral candidate in Clinical Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania.
Andrea L. Glenn is Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.
Yu Gao is Assistant Professor of Psychology at Brooklyn College, City University of New York.
Jianghong Liu is Assistant Professor of Nursing at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing.
Robert A. Schug is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice and Forensic Psychology at California State University, Long Beach.
Yaling Yang is Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in Neurology at the UCLA School of Medicine.
Adrian Raine is Chair of the Department of Psychology and Richard Perry University Professor in the Department of Criminology, Psychiatry, and Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania.
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