- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Work and Aging: Introduction
- Global Aging and Aging Workers
- Workforce Demographics in the United States: Occupational Trends, Work Rates, and Retirement Projections in the United States
- The Aging of the Workforce in European Countries: Demographic Trends, Retirement Projections, and Retirement Policies
- The Changing Workforce Demographics in Asia Pacific: A Diversity of Work and Retirement Trends
- Aging Workforce Demographics in Canada: Occupational Trends, Work Rates, and Retirement Projections
- A Review of Aging Theories and Modern Work Perspectives
- Aging and Participation in Career Development Activities
- Studying the Aging Worker: Research Designs and Methodologies
- Defining Age and Using Age-Relevant Constructs
- The Aging Worker and Person–Environment Fit
- Physical Capabilities and Occupational Health of Older Workers
- The Aging Process and Cognitive Capabilities
- Aging, Personality, and Work Attitudes
- Job Performance and the Aging Worker
- Age Stereotypes and Workplace Age Discrimination: A Framework for Future Research
- Ending on the Scrap Heap?: The Experience of Job Loss and Job Search among Older Workers
- Aging Workers and Technology
- Workforce Planning with an Aging Workforce
- Recruiting/Hiring of Older Workers
- Retention Strategies and Older Workers
- Dynamic Learning: Discovering, Applying, and Updating Knowledge Faster than the Speed of Change
- The Training and Development of an Aging Workforce
- Job Design and Redesign for Older Workers
- Multiple Generations in the Workplace: Exploring the Research, Influence of Stereotypes, and Organizational Applications
- Career Planning for Mid- and Late-Career Workers
- Older Workers and Work–Family Issues
- Retirement Planning: New Context, Process, Language, and Players
- Retirement Dilemmas and Decisions
- Health and Fiscal and Psychological Well-Being in Retirement
- Aging Workers, Demographic Subgroups, and Differential Work and Retirement Opportunities
- Age-Based Laws, Rules, and Regulations in the United States
- The Fiscal Challenge of an Aging Population in the United States
- Entitlement Programs, Retirement-Related Policies, and Governmental Politics
- The Pros and Cons of Pro-Work Policies and Programs for Older Workers
- Advancing Research and Application in Work and Aging
Abstract and Keywords
As the population of the United States ages, there is increasing pressure to encourage people to work past the traditional retirement age. A concern with “pro-work” policies, government and employer policies encouraging older workers to remain in the labor force, has grown out of these pressures. For most of the 20th century, government and employer policies instead tended to be “pro-retirement,” encouraging workers to exit the labor force at a set age. In this chapter, we discuss the waning of pro-retirement policies and the rise of pro-work policies, along with the possible futures for pro-work policies. Putting pro-work policies in the context of organized labor, economic conditions, and social conditions, we discuss the potential implications for employers, government, and individuals. Today, pro-work policies have largely eclipsed the pro-retirement policies that dominated prior to the 1960s. However, by transferring risk from employers and government to workers, they tend to encourage work while creating a population of workers who are not financially well protected by the system. Over the next few decades, developing and implementing pro-work policies that protect and include more vulnerable populations is a task for organized labor, employees, employers, and policymakers alike.
Tay K. McNamara, Sloan Center on Aging & Work, Boston College.
Joelle M. Sano, Annenberg Public Policy Center, University of Pennsylvania.
John B. Williamson, Department of Sociology, Boston College.
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