- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Work and Aging: Introduction
- Global Aging and Aging Workers
- Workforce Demographics in the United States: Occupational Trends, Work Rates, and Retirement Projections in the United States
- The Aging of the Workforce in European Countries: Demographic Trends, Retirement Projections, and Retirement Policies
- The Changing Workforce Demographics in Asia Pacific: A Diversity of Work and Retirement Trends
- Aging Workforce Demographics in Canada: Occupational Trends, Work Rates, and Retirement Projections
- A Review of Aging Theories and Modern Work Perspectives
- Aging and Participation in Career Development Activities
- Studying the Aging Worker: Research Designs and Methodologies
- Defining Age and Using Age-Relevant Constructs
- The Aging Worker and Person–Environment Fit
- Physical Capabilities and Occupational Health of Older Workers
- The Aging Process and Cognitive Capabilities
- Aging, Personality, and Work Attitudes
- Job Performance and the Aging Worker
- Age Stereotypes and Workplace Age Discrimination: A Framework for Future Research
- Ending on the Scrap Heap?: The Experience of Job Loss and Job Search among Older Workers
- Aging Workers and Technology
- Workforce Planning with an Aging Workforce
- Recruiting/Hiring of Older Workers
- Retention Strategies and Older Workers
- Dynamic Learning: Discovering, Applying, and Updating Knowledge Faster than the Speed of Change
- The Training and Development of an Aging Workforce
- Job Design and Redesign for Older Workers
- Multiple Generations in the Workplace: Exploring the Research, Influence of Stereotypes, and Organizational Applications
- Career Planning for Mid- and Late-Career Workers
- Older Workers and Work–Family Issues
- Retirement Planning: New Context, Process, Language, and Players
- Retirement Dilemmas and Decisions
- Health and Fiscal and Psychological Well-Being in Retirement
- Aging Workers, Demographic Subgroups, and Differential Work and Retirement Opportunities
- Age-Based Laws, Rules, and Regulations in the United States
- The Fiscal Challenge of an Aging Population in the United States
- Entitlement Programs, Retirement-Related Policies, and Governmental Politics
- The Pros and Cons of Pro-Work Policies and Programs for Older Workers
- Advancing Research and Application in Work and Aging
Abstract and Keywords
The demographic shifts under way in parts of Europe represent significant challenges from a labor market and pension system point of view. This chapter takes a review of projections of the size and age profile of European populations as its starting point for an investigation of different scenarios of retirement arrangements. As important as numerical changes in the age composition are the favorable trends with respect to education, skills, health, and remaining life expectancy past retirement age of future cohorts of retirees. These trends provide some room in many European countries for retirement policies that encourage a longer working life. Even a moderate increase of the effective retirement age will in many cases stabilize old-age dependency ratios in many European countries.
Vegard Skirbekk, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, Vienna, Austria, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), Laxenburg, Austria.
Elke Loichinger, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital Vienna, Austria International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Laxenburg, Austria, Research Institute on Human Capital and Development, Vienna University of Economics and Business.
Bilal F. Barakat, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital Vienna, Austria International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Laxenburg, Austria Vienna Institute of Demography of the Austrian Academy of Sciences Vienna, Austria.
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