Abstract and Keywords
Within the broad interdisciplinary field of translation studies, a title that has been used in the English-speaking world since 1972, translation is investigated from a wide array of theoretical perspectives drawn from disciplines as varied as linguistics and language engineering. Some major types of written translation are literary, technical, subtitling, and machine translation. Although the term generally refers to the transfer of written texts, it sometimes subsumes interpreting, which refers more specifically to “the oral translation of a spoken message or text.” In this article, translation is used in the more restricted sense of written transfer. It provides an overview of the theoretical, descriptive, and applied aspects of the study of translation as they have been investigated since the late 1960s and early 1970s, when translation studies became established as a new field of scholarly inquiry in the West. The conclusion suggests the ways in which this rapidly expanding field might develop in the future.
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