Abstract and Keywords
The focus of this article is the methodologies for policy and planning. Although a number of books have been written about research methodology appropriate for applied linguistics and for the subfields of language learning and language testing, little attention has been paid to the methodology appropriate for one of the other major areas within applied linguistics—language policy and planning. It has been asserted that LLP is a relatively new but growing field, dating back to the late 1960s as language planning and to the late 1940s as language engineering. Its initial focus language problems in emerging states have been replaced with a broader emphasis both in geography and scope. These article discuses the various methodologies involved in policy planning of a language. Attitudes are an important aspect of language planning because the attitudes of individuals can have a major impact on the success or failure of LPP or in the adoption of language change.
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