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date: 23 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Neuroscience has made enormous strides in the last two decades. This article focuses on the concept of applied linguistics and the neurobiology of language. This article focuses on some issues related to the development of a neurobiology of language in applied linguistics. The first section discusses research on the neural underpinnings of language from a theoretical perspective, laying out hypotheses about what systems may support language acquisition. These proposals about the biological substrate for language are made even though the technology to investigate them may not yet exist. The second section addresses some reservations researchers have had about the relevance of neuroimaging research, and also explore the profound attraction such research have for scientists and applied linguists in particular. Next, the problem of finding of cognitive ontology that is appropriate for research on the brain is discussed. Finally, the problem of deciding what aspects of language are relevant for neurobiological investigation is the focus.

Keywords: applied linguistics, neuroscience, neural underpinnings, biological substrate, neurobiological investigation, neurobiology, cognitive ontology

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