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date: 18 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Economic development relies on the importance of a skilled workforce and a well-functioning workforce development system in attracting and retaining economic activity. This article focuses on the publicly funded workforce development system. In addition, it describes the workforce development system and provides evidence about its effectiveness. Following this, the article explains the formal education system in detail. Studies that have delved into particular types of training, especially as offered by workforce intermediaries, provide evidence about characteristics that seem to correlate with effectiveness. These characteristics can be categorized into content, training method, and program administration. It then turns to a description of how the workforce development system provides services to its traditional target, i.e. unemployed labor force participants. Furthermore, the article examines programs and services for employed individuals. Finally, it suggests best practices and presents implications for policy makers or researchers interested in urban development or regional economic development.

Keywords: economic development, workforce development system, formal education system, unemployed labor force, urban development

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