Abstract and Keywords
The title of this article employs the term oikoumene, meaning the inhabited or known world. Among European archaeologists, it has long been assumed that, by at least the Bronze Age, local populations were in regular contact with one another, forming an oikoumene within which processes or events in one region might have an impact on processes or events in another, perhaps distant, region. The article explores the value of a continental perspective for North American archaeology, one which assumes that populations in North America, like those in Europe, existed within an oikoumene of mutually known polities.
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