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date: 18 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The Central Illinois River Valley of west-central Illinois has a complex history of migration and culture contact that was strongly affected by violence. Located on the northern periphery of the Mississippian cultural area, it has the potential to transform our understanding of the impact and outcomes of intergroup violence in middle-range societies. This article argues that changing patterns of violence substantially altered the lives of those who lived in this region. It discusses archaeological patterns of violence from four different periods of the late Prehistoric era: the terminal late Woodland period (AD 700 to 1100), the early Mississippian period (AD 1100 to 1250), the middle Mississippian Period (AD 1250 to 1300), and the late Mississippian period (AD 1300 to 1440).

Keywords: Central Illinois, intergroup violence, Mississippian cultural area, middle-range societies, archaeological patterns, late Mississippian period

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