- List of Figures
- List of Contributors
- Questioning the Past in North America
- Hunter-Gatherer Theory in North American Archaeology
- Bone Lickers, Grave Diggers, and Other Unsavory Characters: Archaeologists, Archaeological Cultures, and the Disconnect from Native Peoples
- Historical Archaeology and Native Agency across the Spanish Borderlands
- Some Commonalities Linking North America and Mesoamerica
- The North American <i>Oikoumene</i>
- People, Plants, and Culinary Traditions
- Early Paleoindians, from Colonization to Folsom
- Pleistocene Settlement in the East
- Archaeological Histories and Cultural Processes
- Arctic and Subarctic
- The West
- Northeast and Mid-Atlantic Seaboard
- Overview of the St. Lawrence Archaic Through Woodland
- New England Algonquians: Navigating “Backwaters” and Typological Boundaries
- What Will Be Has Always Been: The Past and Present of Northern Iroquoians
- Regional Ritual Organization in the Northern Great Lakes, AD 1200–1600
- Villagers and Farmers of the Middle and Upper Ohio River Valley, 11th to 17th Centuries AD: The Fort Ancient and Monongahela Traditions
- Native History in the Chesapeake: The Powhatan Chiefdom and Beyond
- Plains and Upper Midwest
- Midsouth and Southeast
- Greater Southwest and Northern Mexico
Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that New England Algonquians offer us an important historical example of great social and ecological stability—as well as social complexity—over more than 10 millennia. The archaeological record in New England allows us to question causal relationships among subsistence, sedentism, and social complexity, and to explore alternative pathways in human history. In this sense, the article challenges directional models of cultural evolution and, instead, argues for the importance of historical contingency in human adaptation. It first reviews the archaeological evidence for the Paleo-Indian and Archaic periods as a backdrop for a full discussion of New England's mobile farmers.
Elizabeth S. Chilton is Associate Professor of Anthropology, Director of the Center for Heritage and Society, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.
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