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date: 20 August 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Complex hunters and gatherers have been a major research focus for anthropologists and archaeologists throughout the world. From the deserts of the Natufian Middle East and the bogs of Mesolithic Denmark to the fjords of the Northwest Coast of North America, researchers have theorized as to the evolutionary processes that might have generated sedentary, socially ranked, hunting and gathering societies. The Northwest Coast of North America has been the anthropological hallmark for complexity and the center of this debate because it is one of the few places where politically complex hunters and gatherers evolved and then survived to historic contact, to be recorded by explorers, missionaries, and photographers.

Keywords: Northwest Coast, North American archaeology, evolutionary processes, hunting and gathering, historic contact

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