Abstract and Keywords
Although the archaeological record of the north Pacific shows many macroregional trends as a product of broad degrees of interaction and the common ethnogenesis of these peoples, there is considerable spatial heterogeneity, primarily because of substantial variations in marine productivity and the effects of climate on marine resources. This marine productivity led to some of the highest forager population densities ever recorded by anthropologists, and many will be surprised to find that the archaeological record of the region shows a level of hunter-gatherer complexity that rivals the Northwest Coast. This article outlines an ancient history of the north Pacific in the context of changing climate regimes, changing sociopolitical dynamics, and regional interactions.
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