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date: 21 February 2020

(p. viii) Contributors

(p. viii) Contributors

Peter Adamson is Professor of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy at King’s College London. He is the author of the monographs The Arabic Plotinus and Al-Kindi, and has edited numerous books on Arabic philosophy. He is currently at work on a monograph devoted to Abu Bakr al-Razi.



Andrew Arlig is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Brooklyn College, The City University of New York. He works primarily on medieval metaphysics, especially at present on medieval theories of parts and wholes.



Börje Bydén is Assistant Professor of Greek at Stockholm University. His main interests lie in the history and reception of Greek thought and learning. He has published a monograph on Theodore Metochites and a number of articles on various aspects of Byzantine philosophy. He is currently preparing the editio princeps of Metochites’s commentary on Aristotle’s De anima.



Margaret Cameron is Canada Research Council Chair in philosophy and Associate Professor at the University of Victoria. Her primary research interests are the history of the philosophy of language and the medieval Aristotelian tradition. She has published on Boethius’s philosophy of language in the Cambridge Companion to Boethius, and co-edited Methods and Methodologies in Aristotelian Medieval Logic. Currently she is co-editing Linguistic Meaning: Essays in the History of the Philosophy of Language.



Laurent Cesalli is Chargé de Recherche at the CNRS (Université de Lille 3 / UMR 8163). He works on semantics, philosophy of mind and ontology in medieval philosophy (twelfth–fourteenth centuries) as well as in the Austro-German tradition (late nineteenth–early twentieth century).



Richard Cross is John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame. He is the author of Duns Scotus on God (Ashgate, 2005).



Matteo Di Giovanni (Yale University) works on the Aristotelian tradition in Arabic philosophy. He is author of ‘Substantial Form in Averroes’s Long Commentary on the Metaphysics’ (2011) and ‘Averroes and the Logical Status of Metaphysics’ (2011).



Christophe Erismann is SNF Professor of Medieval Philosophy at the University of Lausanne, Switzerland. He has published articles on the problems of essence, universals and individuation during Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages.



(p. ix) Russell L. Friedman is professor at the Institute of Philosophy, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. His major publication is Medieval Trinitarian Thought from Aquinas to Ockham (2010). His main academic interests are medieval Trinitarian theology and philosophical psychology, and genres of medieval philosophical discourse.



Nadja Germann is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Maryland. She works on metaphysics, epistemology and semantics in medieval Arabic philosophy (9th–12th centuries) as well as on natural philosophy in early Latin thought (11th–12th centuries).



Steven Harvey is Professor of Philosophy at Bar-Ilan University. He has published extensively on the medieval Jewish and Islamic philosophers, with special focus on Averroes’s commentaries on Aristotle and on the influence of the Islamic philosophers on Jewish thought. He is the author of Falaquera’s Epistle of the Debate: An Introduction to Jewish Philosophy (1987) and editor of The Medieval Hebrew Encyclopedias of Science and Philosophy (2000) and Anthology of the Writings of Avicenna (2009, in Hebrew).



Katerina Ierodiakonou is Associate Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Athens. She has published extensively on ancient and Byzantine philosophy, especially in the areas of epistemology and logic. She is currently working on a book about ancient theories of colour.



Terence Irwin is Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Keble College. He is the author of: Plato’s Gorgias (translation and notes) (1979); Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics (translation and notes), (1999, 2nd edn); Aristotle’s First Principles (1988); Classical Thought (1989); Plato’s Ethics (1995); The Development of Ethics, 3 vols. (2007–9).



Peter King is Professor of Philosophy and of Mediaeval Studies at the University of Toronto (since 2003). After a Ph.D. at Princeton (1982), he taught at Fordham University (1981–1982), the University of Pittsburgh (1982–1989), and The Ohio State University (1989–2002). Most recently he has published Augustine: On the Free Choice of the Will, On Grace and Free Choice, and Other Writings (2010), and he is currently working on editions of Peter Abelard.



Gyula Klima is Professor of Philosophy at Fordham University in New York, N.Y. He specialises in medieval logic and metaphysics and their bearing on understanding present-day philosophical problems. His books include John Buridan (2009), Medieval Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary (2007), John Buridan: Summulae de Dialectica: An Annotated Translation with a Philosophical Introduction (2001), and ARS ARTIUM: Essays in Philosophical Semantics, Medieval and Modern (1988).



Simo Knuuttila is Professor of Thelogical Ethics and the Philosophy of Religion at the University of Helsinki. His publications include Modalities in Medieval Philosphy (1993) and Emotions in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy (2006).



Taneli Kukkonen is Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at the University of Otago. He has published widely on topics in Arabic philosophy and the Aristotelian commentary tradition.



(p. x) Henrik Lagerlund is an Associate Professor and the Chair of Philosophy at the University of Western Ontario. He has published numerous articles in medieval philosophy, and his books include: Modal Syllogistics in the Middle Ages (2000), Representation and Objects of Thought in Medieval Philosophy (2007), and Rethinking the History of Skepticism (2010). He is also the editor-in-chief of the Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy (2010).



Martin Lenz is Privatdozent at Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, where he runs the research group ‘Transformations of Mind. Philosophical Psychology from 1500 to 1750’. He works on the philosophy of language and mind, and on epistemology; his historical research is on medieval and modern philosophy. After obtaining his Ph.D. (Bochum 2001), he was Visiting Scholar at the University of Cambridge (2002–2004). From 2004, he was Research Associate at the Free University Berlin, and from 2006 at Humboldt University (Habilitation in 2009). From 2009 to 2010 he was Visiting Professor at Tübingen University. His publications include: ‘Peculiar Perfection: Peter Abelard on Propositional Attitudes’ (2005), ‘Why Is Thought Linguistic? Ockham’s Two Conceptions of the Intellect’ (2008) and Lockes Sprachkonzeption (2010).



Anthony J. Lisska is Maria Theresa Barney Professor of Philosophy at Denison University, and was the 1994 Carnegie Foundation United States Baccalaureate Colleges Professor of the Year and the 2006 President of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. His Aquinas’s Theory of Natural Law was published in 1996; recent essays have appeared in The Routledge Companion to Ethics, Semiotica, and A History of the Philosophy of Law from the Ancient Greeks to the Scholastics.



Charles H. Manekin Professor of Philosophy, and the Director of the Joseph and Rebecca Meyerhoff Center for Jewish Studies, at the University of Maryland, where he specializes in the history of medieval Jewish philosophy. He is the author of The Logic of Gersonides, On Maimonides, Medieval Jewish Philosophical Texts, and numerous studies.



John Marenbon is Senior Research Fellow, Trinity College, Cambridge, and Honorary Professor of Medieval Philosophy at the University of Cambridge. He has recently published Medieval Philosophy: An Historical and Philosophical Introduction (2007) and, as editor, The Cambridge Companion to Boethius (2009).



Christopher J. Martin teaches philosophy at the University of Auckland and has published widely on ancient and medieval logic.



Cary J. Nederman is Professor of Political Science at Texas A&M University and the author or editor of more than twenty books, including, most recently, Mind Matters: Medieval and Early Modern Essays in Honour of Marcia Colish (2010), Lineages of European Political Thought: Explorations along the Medieval/Modern Divide (2009), and Machiavelli (2009).



Graham Oppy is Professor and Head of the School of Philosophical, Historical and International Studies at Monash University. He is author of Ontological Arguments and Belief in God (1996), Arguing about Gods (2006), and Reading Philosophy of Religion (2010, with Michael Scott). He has edited The History of Western Philosophy of Religion (OUP, 2009, five volumes, with Nick Trakakis).



(p. xi) Claude Panaccio holds the Canada Research Chair in the Theory of Knowledge at the University of Quebec at Montreal and is a fellow of the Canadian Royal Society. He is the author of several books and articles, among which are Le discours intérieur. De Platon à Guillaume d’Ockham (1999) and Ockham on Concepts (2004).



Robert Pasnau is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Colorado. He is the author of Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671 (Clarendon Press, 2011).



Dominik Perler is Professor of Philosophy at Humboldt-Universität, Berlin. He works on medieval as well as early modern epistemology and philosophy of mind. His books include Theorien der Intentionalität im Mittelalter (2002) and Zweifel und Gewissheit. Skeptische Debatten im Mittelalter (2006).



Thomas Pink is Professor of Philosophy at King’s College London. He is the author of Free Will: A Very Short Introduction and the forthcoming The Ethics of Action for Oxford University Press, and has published numerous articles on ethics and the history of philosophy. He is editing The Questions Concerning Liberty, Necessity and Chance for the Clarendon edition of the works of Thomas Hobbes, and a collection of Francisco Suarez’s moral and political writings for Liberty Fund.



Jacob Schmutz is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and currently serves as Head of the Department of Philosophy and Sociology at Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates). He was educated in Brussels, Cambridge, Madrid and Paris, and wrote his dissertation on the development of early modern Jesuit metaphysics (1540–1767). He has published widely on the early modern reception of medieval philosophical ideas, on early modern school formation, and on the historical development of possible worlds semantics. He currently works on medieval theories of belief in a comparative perspective.



Andreas Speer is Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Thomas-Institut at the University of Cologne. He has written books and many articles concerning the history of medieval philosophy and theology, and on natural philosophy, epistemology and aesthetics. He is the editor of the writings of Abbot Suger and is working on the Schedula diversarum artium. He directs various major research projects (the Averroes Latinus, the edition of the commentary on Sentences by Durandus of St Pourçain, etc.) and is the General Editor of the series Miscellanea Mediaevalia and Studien und Texte zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters.



Paul Thom is an Honorary Professor in Philosophy at the University of Sydney. His latest book, The Logic of the Trinity: Augustine to Ockham, is forthcoming with Fordham University Press.



Ian Wilks is Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Acadia University. His research speciality is the philosophy of Peter Abelard. He is the author of ‘Peter Abelard and his Contemporaries’ in Handbook of the History of Logic.