Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 25 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article notes that the period 1200–1350 is a watershed in the history of Western philosophy. To see this, one has only to consider that the three giants of later medieval philosophy, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, and William of Ockham, lived their lives in this time span. The first part of the article describes the cultural and institutional developments that conditioned in one way or another nearly all of the philosophical thought produced in the period: the translation into Latin of Aristotle's works, along with further Greek, Arabic, and Hebrew philosophical texts; the universities; the mendicant orders and their educational system; and the major genres of philosophical writing. The second part is a short, highly selective sketch of the major trends, figures, and lines of influence in the period.

Keywords: philosophical writing, Aristotle's works, Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, Western philosophy

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.