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date: 13 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article covers some of the prominent philosophers who wrote in Judeo-Arabic or Arabic, and who were Jewish. Unlike most of their counterparts in Christian lands, Jewish intellectuals under Muslim rule were familiar with Arabic culture and read Arabic works in Arabic characters, and, occasionally, Hebrew characters. Jewish intellectuals felt no need to create a separate corpus of philosophical and scientific texts translated from another language. The discussion begins with Isaac Israeli, who wrote works of pure philosophy in Judeo-Arabic, and ends with Ibn Kammūna, who wrote works of pure philosophy in Arabic, presumably for a Muslim audience. While much of the Arabic tradition of philosophy among the Jews of al-Andalus dealt with works of religious philosophy and theology, some Jewish intellectuals in the East in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries participated in current trends in Arabic philosophy.

Keywords: Judeo-Arabic philosophers, Judeo-Arabic language, Isaac Israeli, Ibn Kammūna, al-Andalus

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