- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article covers some of the prominent philosophers who wrote in Judeo-Arabic or Arabic, and who were Jewish. Unlike most of their counterparts in Christian lands, Jewish intellectuals under Muslim rule were familiar with Arabic culture and read Arabic works in Arabic characters, and, occasionally, Hebrew characters. Jewish intellectuals felt no need to create a separate corpus of philosophical and scientific texts translated from another language. The discussion begins with Isaac Israeli, who wrote works of pure philosophy in Judeo-Arabic, and ends with Ibn Kammūna, who wrote works of pure philosophy in Arabic, presumably for a Muslim audience. While much of the Arabic tradition of philosophy among the Jews of al-Andalus dealt with works of religious philosophy and theology, some Jewish intellectuals in the East in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries participated in current trends in Arabic philosophy.
Charles H. Manekin Professor of Philosophy, and the Director of the Joseph and Rebecca Meyerhoff Center for Jewish Studies, at the University of Maryland, where he specializes in the history of medieval Jewish philosophy. He is the author of The Logic of Gersonides, On Maimonides, Medieval Jewish Philosophical Texts, and numerous studies.
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