- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article suggests that the significance of Avicenna's philosophy was not limited to the field of metaphysics; his innovations in logic and natural philosophy, including psychology, had a comparable impact on subsequent intellectual history. Unlike any other philosopher or theologian in the Arabic-Islamic world before, Avicenna merged the various intellectual traditions of his time and thus created a unique blend that was to shape the framework of philosophical as well as theological reasoning for centuries to come. This discussion considers his Kitāb al-Shifā' (Book of the Healing); abstraction and intellection; essence and existence; and bridging physical and mental existence.
Nadja Germann is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Loyola University Maryland. She works on metaphysics, epistemology and semantics in medieval Arabic philosophy (9th–12th centuries) as well as on natural philosophy in early Latin thought (11th–12th centuries).
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