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date: 13 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article suggests that the significance of Avicenna's philosophy was not limited to the field of metaphysics; his innovations in logic and natural philosophy, including psychology, had a comparable impact on subsequent intellectual history. Unlike any other philosopher or theologian in the Arabic-Islamic world before, Avicenna merged the various intellectual traditions of his time and thus created a unique blend that was to shape the framework of philosophical as well as theological reasoning for centuries to come. This discussion considers his Kitāb al-Shifā' (Book of the Healing); abstraction and intellection; essence and existence; and bridging physical and mental existence.

Keywords: Avicenna's philosophy, physical existence, mental existence, theological reasoning, Kitāb al-Shifā', intellection

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