- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
Medieval philosophers appreciate the fact that in order to account for the individuality and identity of things, one must often take into account the parts of these things. This article notes that if one's theory of sameness and difference is not adequately subtle, confusions and unnecessary difficulties appear. Indeed, some puzzles that seem to have vexed medieval thinkers appear as sophisms. The article examines whether each part is the same as its whole; whether the whole is nothing other than its parts; the persistence of a whole; and composition and identity.
Andrew Arlig is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Brooklyn College, The City University of New York. He works primarily on medieval metaphysics, especially at present on medieval theories of parts and wholes.
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