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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Medieval philosophers appreciate the fact that in order to account for the individuality and identity of things, one must often take into account the parts of these things. This article notes that if one's theory of sameness and difference is not adequately subtle, confusions and unnecessary difficulties appear. Indeed, some puzzles that seem to have vexed medieval thinkers appear as sophisms. The article examines whether each part is the same as its whole; whether the whole is nothing other than its parts; the persistence of a whole; and composition and identity.

Keywords: medieval philosophy, sameness, persistence, identity, parts of whole, sophism

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