- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article argues that “philosophy” is a tradition which constantly redefines itself, and which, consequently, resists universal definition. Philosophy is, ultimately, whatever philosophers think it is. This discussion suggests that the most reasonable way of dealing with the vagueness of the term “Byzantine philosophy” is to focus on those Byzantine texts and authors which most closely relate to the concerns of other, more generally recognized, philosophical texts and authors. It starts by sketching a historical overview of Greek philosophy in the Middle Ages and then presents some philosophical issues in logic, epistemology, metaphysics, and natural philosophy in which Byzantine philosophers engaged.
Börje Bydén is Assistant Professor of Greek at Stockholm University. His main interests lie in the history and reception of Greek thought and learning. He has published a monograph on Theodore Metochites and a number of articles on various aspects of Byzantine philosophy. He is currently preparing the editio princeps of Metochites’s commentary on Aristotle’s De anima.
Katerina Ierodiakonou is Associate Professor of Ancient Philosophy at the University of Athens. She has published extensively on ancient and Byzantine philosophy, especially in the areas of epistemology and logic. She is currently working on a book about ancient theories of colour.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.