- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article examines whether medieval authors consider that propositions, too, are semantically related to special objects just as names signify things. If so, then what kind of things did they think those special objects are? The discussion begins with remarks about the notion of state of affairs (SOA), as well as the identification criteria for the theories describing them before the technical category of SOA was coined: reism, adverbialism, mentalism, suigenerism, and eliminativism. Then, it presents a survey of the five main types of medieval answer given to the question of the nature of SOAs, and, finally, compares the medieval conceptions with later (late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century), as well as contemporary, theories of SOAs.
Laurent Cesalli is Chargé de Recherche at the CNRS (Université de Lille 3 / UMR 8163). He works on semantics, philosophy of mind and ontology in medieval philosophy (twelfth–fourteenth centuries) as well as in the Austro-German tradition (late nineteenth–early twentieth century).
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