- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
It seems that the medieval debate on universals has no direct relevance for current philosophical interests and that it must be seen, at best, as an intriguing patchwork of pre-modern curiosities. This article examines the matter, and defends the moderately “continuistic” idea that the appellation “the problem of universals” is not equivocal when applied to the set questions at issue under that name in medieval and in contemporary analytical philosophy. First, it presents the case for discontinuism, and then explains what might be the root of both the medieval and the contemporary “problem of universals.” The article also argues that the main dividing line with respect to this problem runs between realism and nominalism, taken in today's sense. Finally, it outlines one of the most salient medieval approaches to the problem of universals: William of Ockham's nominalism.
Claude Panaccio holds the Canada Research Chair in the Theory of Knowledge at the University of Quebec at Montreal and is a fellow of the Canadian Royal Society. He is the author of several books and articles, among which are Le discours intérieur. De Platon à Guillaume d’Ockham (1999) and Ockham on Concepts (2004).
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