- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article discusses theories of meaning. First, semantic theories are concerned with what the semantic value of a linguistic expression is. These are most basically characterized as theories of reference and/or semantic theories. Second, there are also foundational theories of meaning, which are concerned with how the linguistic expressions came to have their semantic values. Each type of theory of meaning asks a different question: the first asks what the semantic value of an expression is; the second asks how, or in virtue of which facts, linguistic expressions have their semantic values. The article presents an outline of medieval foundational semantics and examines the various semantic theories that were devised. It deals with one variety of linguistic expression, namely, names or common nouns.
Margaret Cameron is Canada Research Council Chair in philosophy and Associate Professor at the University of Victoria. Her primary research interests are the history of the philosophy of language and the medieval Aristotelian tradition. She has published on Boethius’s philosophy of language in the Cambridge Companion to Boethius, and co-edited Methods and Methodologies in Aristotelian Medieval Logic. Currently she is co-editing Linguistic Meaning: Essays in the History of the Philosophy of Language.
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