- The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy
- The Late Ancient Background to Medieval Philosophy
- Greek Philosophy
- Arabic Philosophy and Theology before Avicenna
- Avicenna and Afterwards
- Averroes and Philosophy in Islamic Spain
- Medieval Jewish Philosophy in Arabic
- Jewish Philosophy in Hebrew
- Latin Philosophy to 1200
- Latin Philosophy, 1200–1350
- Latin Philosophy, 1350–1550
- Medieval Philosophy after the Middle Ages
- Logical Form
- Logical Consequence
- Meaning: Foundational and Semantic Theories
- Mental Language
- States of Affairs
- Parts, Wholes and Identity
- Material Substance
- Mind and Hylomorphism
- Body and Soul
- Scepticism and Metaphysics
- Freedom of the Will
- Moral Intention
- Virtue and Law
- Natural Law
- Arguments for the Existence of God
- Philosophy and the Trinity
Abstract and Keywords
This article presents the background to the Greek and Latin traditions in philosophy, traditions which have their origin in the philosophy of Late Antiquity. The discussion places particular emphasis on the aspects that most influenced the medieval centuries. The Greek tradition depends directly, through translations, on the Platonic schools of the fourth to sixth centuries. The first section of the article discusses the Platonic masters, curriculum, and teaching. The Greek heritage of the Medieval Latin tradition was mediated, and to some extent transformed, by the tradition of Latin philosophy, pagan and Christian, from Cicero to Cassiodorus. The second section considers this, looking at Augustine and Boethius.
John Marenbon is Senior Research Fellow at Trinity College, Cambridge. His publications include Abelard (Cambridge University Press, 1987); Boethius (Oxford University Press, 2003) and Medieval Philosophy: An Historical and Philosophical Introduction (Routledge, 2007).
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.