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date: 22 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article presents the background to the Greek and Latin traditions in philosophy, traditions which have their origin in the philosophy of Late Antiquity. The discussion places particular emphasis on the aspects that most influenced the medieval centuries. The Greek tradition depends directly, through translations, on the Platonic schools of the fourth to sixth centuries. The first section of the article discusses the Platonic masters, curriculum, and teaching. The Greek heritage of the Medieval Latin tradition was mediated, and to some extent transformed, by the tradition of Latin philosophy, pagan and Christian, from Cicero to Cassiodorus. The second section considers this, looking at Augustine and Boethius.

Keywords: Greek tradition, Latin tradition, Roman philosophy, Platonic schools, Augustine, Boethius

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