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date: 23 February 2020

Index

Index

“9/11,” 573, 622
(p. 805) Abbott, Andrew, 76, 103 n. 10, 104 nn. 19; 23, 200–4
Abolafia, Mitchel, 123–27, 137, 144, 168
action
body as locus for, 704–5, 707
collective/group, 19–20, 207, 209, 211–12, 220–22, 224, 236, 437, 488–89, 494, 689–90, 728, 736
economic (as culturally embedded), 127–32, 145, 157–77, 178 n. 3, 178–79 n. 4, 693
and habitus, 52–53, 725–26
music as social, 722–23, 729–30, 732–33, 736
narrative/storytelling and, 747, 753–54
vs. observation, 195–96, 198, 202, 204–5
in organizations, 763–83, 784 n. 6
social, 16–17, 22, 27–28, 36–42, 60, 74, 129, 218, 236, 263, 298, 438, 445–46, 464 n. 16, 511, 583–84
as symbolic/meaningful, 22, 96–101, 120, 266, 401, 639, 660–61 n. 1, 672–75, 677, 746, 788 See also agency
actor-network theory, 172, 638, 686–87, 708–11, 715
ad hocing, 19, 53–54, 764, 770, 782
Adorno, Theodor, 685, 722–28, 732, 800
Advocate, The, 517–18, 522–23 n. 2
aesthetic public sphere, 17, 318–37
and cultural citizenship, 323, 330–32
and cultural criticism, 323, 327–30
and cultural sociology, 321–24
serious vs. entertainment binary within, 332–35
and the social imaginary, 323–27
symbolic hierarchies within, 332–34, 336 See also public sphere
African American men,
cultural analysis of, 343–61
and cultural sociological analysis of, 17–18, 351–54, 357–59
Agamben, Giorgio, 454–55, 461
AGIL model, 637
Alexander, Jeffrey, 3, 7, 19, 125, 128–30, 135, 196, 211–12, 216, 225, 233–34, 237–38, 245, 265–66, 285, 286–87, 298–302, 307, 312–13 n. 22, 360 n. 5, 405–6, 412, 413, 415, 418, 419–20 nn. 3–4, 421 nn. 8; 12, 423 nn. 29–30, 538, 559 n. 32, 564, 573, 626, 687, 689–90, 772, 775–76, 778, 780–1, 783–84 nn. 1–2
Alford, Robert, 766
Al-Haq, 238–41
Almond, Gabriel, 209–11, 235, 630 n. 3, 637
Althusser, Louis, 713–15
ambivalence, 203, 789–803
American Dilemma, An (Myrdal), 396
Anderson, Benedict, 379–80, 437
Anderson, Elijah, 350, 351–52
anomie, 121, 579–80 n. 3
and street culture, 349–50
anthropology
and culture, 79–87, 104 n. 25, 106 n. 45, 630 n. 3, 637
Appadurai, Arjun, 249, 310 n. 6
Architecture of Markets: An Economic Sociology of Twenty-First-Century Capitalist Societies, The (Fligstein), 165–66
Arendt, Hannah, 205, 242, 454–55, 461
Aristotle, 42, 141, 399, 443–44, 445–46, 454, 464 n. 16, 613, 783–84 n. 1
arts, the, 46, 202, 323–24, 328, 333–37, 479, 683, 693, 725
art worlds, 723, 728–30, 732
Artworlds (Becker), 736–37 n. 3
Asad, Talal, 442, 458, 462 n. 5, 463 n. 13
Askew, David, 538, 546, 551, 553
attribution theory, 530, 532, 533–35, 549–50, 553–56, 557 n. 2
audience reception, 278–79 nn. 2–3
Auster, Paul, 391, 393, 399, 405, 409, 412, 417–18
Austin, John L., 780
authenticity, 289–90, 511, 515–16, 520–22, 726
(p. 806) authority, 296–97, 442–45, 500–2, 573, 576, 637–38, 747–48
political, 797
scientific, 753–54, 756
state vs. religious, 430, 435–36, 439–40, 442, 445, 448–51, 454, 460–61, 463 n. 14
autonomy
of cultural fields, 290, 292–98, 304–7, 324
of journalism, 292–98, 305–6, 312 n. 19
of national culture industries, 334–36
within the public sphere, 290–92, 298–302, 309–10, 310–11 n. 7, 312 n. 20, 314 n. 28 See also culture, autonomy of
Bakhtin, Mikhail, 41, 594–95
Banfield, Edward, 118, 209–10, 235, 237, 245, 630 n. 3
Barth, Fredrik, 372–75, 381, 383–84 nn. 4–5
Barthes, Roland, 6, 7, 583, 676
Bataille, Georges, 791–92
Baudrillard, Jean, 676, 688, 799
Bauman, Zygmunt, 36, 301, 681, 789–90
Bawer, Bruce, 518, 520, 522–23 n. 2
Beck, Ulrich, 756
Becker, Howard S., 9, 723, 728–30, 732
Belk, Russell, 141–42
Bell, Daniel, 310 n. 6, 679
Bellah, Robert, 215–16, 223–24, 236–37, 784 n. 8
Bendix, Reinhard, 235
Berezin, Mabel, 15, 243, 628–29
Berger, Peter, 76, 122, 221
Between Facts and Norms (Habermas), 289
Bhabha, Homi, 788, 790, 793
Bhaskar, Roy, 33–34
Biggart, Nicole, 123, 125–26, 144, 158, 167–68, 178–79 n. 4
binaries/binary oppositions, 39–40, 77–78, 104 n. 19, 174, 267, 377, 446, 472, 481, 554, 587, 593–94, 597–98, 747, 772–73, 788
binary codes
of civil society/civil sphere, 22, 130, 216, 261, 266, 274–77, 318, 323–24, 332–35, 378–79, 495, 510–11, 584, 641
Birmingham School. See cultural studies, British
Blumer, Herbert, 32, 383 n. 3, 683, 728
body, the, 698–720
and culture, 700, 702–3, 718
sociological studies of, 698–99
Body Multiple, The (Mol), 708–9
Boltanski, Luc, 158, 174–75, 197, 200–1, 204, 213, 216, 337 n. 4, 775, 783–84 n. 12
boundaries, 3, 8, 13, 17, 120, 130–31, 217, 250, 263, 265, 277, 360 n. 4, 393–94, 435–36, 444, 446–47, 554, 584, 614–15, 657, 691–92, 730–32, 774–78, 784 n. 3, 789, 793, 799
social vs. symbolic, 370–77, 380–83, 384 n. 6
study of, 372–77, 623
boundary-making, 13, 223, 368, 372–77, 380, 383, 383–84 n. 4, 591
Bourdieu, Pierre, 16, 21, 46–48, 51–54, 88, 103 n. 9; 11; 16, 174, 178–79 n. 4, 285, 286–87, 290, 292–95, 298–302, 304–5, 307, 309, 310 n. 4, 314 n. 29, 337 n. 4, 374, 376, 443, 502 n. 2, 674, 676, 677, 682–84, 692, 698–99, 701, 703–6, 707–8, 711, 715–19, 723, 725–27, 728, 730, 734
Bowling Alone, 237, 246
Brooks, David, 301, 307–8
Brown, Jerry, 650–52, 653
Brubaker, Rogers, 367, 378, 384 n. 8, 437–38, 441, 462–63 n. 10, 623
Buchanan, Patrick, 643, 651, 655–56
Burawoy, Michael, 195–98, 201, 204
bureaucracy, 221, 444, 478, 752, 770, 774–75, 777, 779
bureaucratic rationality, 568, 707, 753
Burke, Kenneth, 401, 774, 778, 780
Bush, George H. W., 240, 274, 641, 642–45, 650–51, 653–63
Bush, George W., 272–74, 314 n. 31
administration of, 295, 305–6, 754
Calhoun, Craig, 100, 310 n. 4, 437
Callon, Michel, 137–38, 168, 174, 176, 675
capital
Bourdieuian notion of, 703–6, 710–11, 719 n. 11, 725
cultural, 55, 88–89, 106 nn. 36; 41, 178–79 n. 4, 360 n. 4, 683, 725, 728, 731
political, 493, 574
scientific, 103 n. 11,
social, 16, 210, 219, 225–26, 308
symbolic, 47, 50, 304, 707, 718 n. 4, 735
capitalism, 30–31, 37, 62, 125, 137, 159, 305, 438–39, 532, 576, 586, 595, 614, 685, 724
democracy and, 120–22, 131–32
late, 676–78
carrier groups, 382, 529, 537, 559 n. 32, 570, 573–76, 585–86, 590
Cartwright, Nancy, 42–43 n. 5
Casanova, Jose, 473–75, 482
Catholicism, 57–59, 215, 462 n. 4, 463 n. 11, 471, 474–77, 478, 571, 621
causality, 22, 27–28, 30–31, 33–35, 37–42, 80, 83, 88, 106 n. 41, 199, 200–1, 215–16, 237, 245, 421–22 n. 13, 461 n. 3, 462 n. 5, 533–35, 545, 547, 549–50, 552–54, 557 n. 5, 616–17, 624, 629
Chang, Iris, 536, 538–40, 543, 546, 587, 600 n. 2, 601 nn. 4–5
charisma, 125, 131, 133, 585, 797–98
Charismatic Capitalism (Biggart), 125
Chatterjee, Partha, 232, 244
Chicago School, 222, 360–61 n. 6, 369–72, 383
Chinese Communist Party, 588–98, 606–7 n. 37
(p. 807) Christianity, 143, 223, 439–42, 448, 462 n. 5, 471–72, 474, 478–79, 755–56
American, 121, 396, 451, 457–60
Cicourel, Aaron V., 20, 65, 103 n. 9, 771
citizen-consumers, 176, 322–23
citizenship, cultural, 323, 330–32, 337
civic culture, 19, 207–226, 248, 630 n. 3
definition of, 211–14, 224–26
and religion, 219–21
and social movements, 221–24
Civic Culture, The (Almond & Verba), 209–11, 226
civic individualism, 13, 511, 514–18, 521–22
binaries of, 511
civil repair, 237–39, 241–43, 394, 409, 415, 417–18
civil society, 17, 40, 61, 196–97, 199, 211, 217, 219, 225–26, 233–51, 260–62, 265–66, 276–79, 302–3, 307–8, 318–20, 412, 636
civil vs. civilized within, 242–44
as a civil sphere, 390–91, 394–95, 412, 418
discourse of, 17, 124, 130, 136, 237–38, 277, 300, 307, 318, 321–22, 333, 641
French, 635–26
and immigrants, 248–49
issues of power within, 242–44
and religion, 464 n. 19
role of the state within, 244–46
and the welfare state, 248
as Western, 242, 249
civil sphere, the, 13, 17, 196, 211–12, 225, 233–34, 237–39, 243, 245–47, 250, 263, 266, 276–77, 298–99, 368, 390–98, 402, 406, 409, 417, 418, 746, 749, 751
and media, 261, 265, 275
morality within, 277, 420 n. 4
as separate from the political, 246–47
Civil Sphere, The (Alexander), 196, 233–34, 237, 238, 239, 245, 246, 394, 417
Civilizing Process, The (Elias), 690–91, 700–1, 720 n. 23
“Clash of Civilizations, The” (Huntington), 434, 471, 630 n. 3
Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of the World Order, The (Huntington), 471
Clash Within: Democracy, Religious Violence, and India's Future, The (Nussbaum), 402
class, 52–54, 61, 63–65, 213–14, 219, 286, 288–89, 298, 300, 314 n. 29, 464 n. 15, 593–94, 602 n. 9, 604 nn. 26–27, 605–06 nn. 32–33, 673–74, 725, 731
class consciousness, 580 n. 5
climate change. See global warming
Clinton, William J., 15, 621, 641, 642–63
1992 presidential campaign of, 642–45
administration of, 295
as “Slick Willie, 642, 646–52, 658
codes, 13, 17–19, 85, 94, 96, 127, 130, 134, 173, 245–47, 266, 275, 336, 374, 376–80, 382, 510–11, 746, 769
cultural, 76, 125, 130, 136, 214, 298–300, 319, 368, 488, 510–11, 641, 733, 783–84 n. 1
code of the street, 350–52
cognition, 8, 47, 63, 73, 90, 105 n. 33, 106 nn. 38; 43, 161, 167–68, 173, 375, 378, 384 nn. 8–9, 554, 681, 692–93
Cohen, Stanley, 263
collective consciousness, 583–85, 689
collective effervescence, 765, 768, 776–78
collective identity, 122, 129, 131–32, 211–12, 474, 509, 512, 514–15, 531, 734
and cultural trauma, 567–68, 570–73, 578, 579–80 n. 36, 587–88
and Nanking Massacre, 591–92, 598, 603 n. 14, 605–6 nn. 33–34
and social movements, 222–24, 227 n. 13
collective memory, 11,
and cultural trauma, 559 n. 32, 567, 571, 574–75, 579–80 n. 3,
and conflict, 530–35, 537
and music, 723, 732
and Nanking Massacre, 535–56, 558 n. 13, 587, 590, 604 n. 26
theoretical perspectives on, 11, 529–30, 535, 553–56 See also memory
collective representation(s), 38, 120, 125, 134, 173–76, 218–19, 367, 377, 379–80, 384 n. 8, 437–38, 444–45, 460, 579, 585, 645, 660, 735, 745–47, 758, 764–67, 775, 780
Collins, Randall, 21, 51, 54–56, 104 n. 23, 140, 718–19 nn. 5; 6; 13
commemoration, 623, 627–28
commodities/commodification, 48, 130, 165, 456, 458, 675–78, 684, 690–91, 724, 726 See also consumption/consumers
Communist Manifesto, The, 586
“Conflict” (Simmel), 548
consumption/consumers, 52, 59, 121, 126, 130–31, 141, 158, 159, 162–63, 171, 174, 176–77, 178–79 n. 4, 180 n. 14, 221, 672–93
cultural, 321–24, 326, 330, 333, 336
and cultural sociology, 675, 689, 690–93
and hedonism, 679–82
material culture approaches to, 684–87
moral dimension of, 687–90
and performance, 689–90
postmodern theories of, 676–78 See also commodities/commodification
consumption studies, 672–76, 684
(p. 808) Cooley, Charles Horton, 348
cosmologies, 442, 461–62 n. 3, 745–46, 754, 757
counterfactuals, 615, 616–18
Crane, Diana, 7
Critique of Judgment (Kant), 683
cultural analysis
definition of, 773
domain of color as a paradigm for, 48–51, 64
endogenous vs. exogenous factors in, 75–76, 80, 83, 86–87, 104 n. 25, 164
hermeneutic vs. non-hermeneutic styles of, 78–95
as interdisciplinary, 7
pragmatic perspective in, 216–17
role of meaning in, 6–7, 21, 63, 77, 90, 352, 393, 773
theory vs. method of, 74 See also cultural sociology; as well as individual topics
“cultural history, new,” 6–8
“Cultural Meanings and Cultural Structures in Historical
Explanation” (Hall), 39–40
cultural omnivorousness, 676, 726
cultural policy, 17, 323, 325, 329–37
cultural pragmatics, 16, 20, 129, 134, 266, 269–70, 636–60
cultural sociology
broad program in, 4
definitions of, 4, 9–10, 12, 35–37, 367, 583–84, 637, 639, 671
and Durkheim, 421 n. 8, 481–82, 583
and ethnography, 391–94, 418–19
goals of, 4, 12, 37, 193–95, 416, 693, 763–65
history of, 3–10, 639
and humanities, 4, 11–12, 74, 583, 722, 728
and idealism, 18, 746
impact of, 10–11, 400
and inbetweenness/ambivalence, 788, 793, 802–3
and institutionalism, 430, 616–18, 765
interdisciplinary nature of, 3, 5–6, 616, 631 n. 6
materiality-inspired approaches to, 681–82, 684–87, 690–93
narratives of, 226 n. 5
pluralistic nature of, 40–41
pragmatic perspective in, 216–17, 226, 401
vs. rational choice approaches, 476–77, 693
rationalization processes inside, 46–65
as a research program, 37–41
within sociology, 4–5, 8–10, 28
vs. sociology of culture, 5–6, 9–10, 584
and spatial analysis, 360–61 n. 6
Strong Program in, 12, 22, 266, 285, 321–23, 360 n. 5, 367–68, 393, 584, 774, 782
and study of civil society, 17, 232–51, 318–19, 335–36, 394, 400, 402
and study of everyday interaction, 763–67, 769–73, 774, 777–78, 781–83
tensions within, 11–22, 42 n. 4
Cultural Sociology, 9
cultural/culture structures, 12, 14, 15–16, 19–21, 37, 39–40, 41, 85, 119, 124, 128–30, 135–36, 144–45, 158, 212, 298, 323, 333–34, 367, 371, 377, 382–83, 393–94, 397, 400, 415–17, 559–60 n. 32, 576, 578, 584, 587, 591, 594, 637, 639, 641–42, 645, 671, 675, 684–86, 690, 765, 772–74, 782
cultural studies, 321–22
British, 731
cultural trauma, 11, 564, 566, 567, 570–79, 579–80 n. 3, 584–86
vs. crisis, 579–80 n. 3
as a framework of analysis, 577–79
meaning struggles in, 571, 573, 577–79
role of mass media in, 573–74, 577
role of moral frameworks in, 576–77
role of victim and perpetrator in, 559 n. 32, 566–68, 570–71, 575–77, 579–80 n. 3, 584–97, 599, 604 n. 27, 605–6 nn. 32–33, 607 n. 40
cultural turn, 4–10, 70–101, 164, 177, 238, 367, 637, 639, 673, 675–76
post-, 9, 76–78, 79, 87–95, 105 n. 31, 106 n. 43
pre-, 9, 77–78, 79–87, 104 n. 28, 106 n. 43
culture
and agency, 7
autonomy of, 6, 11, 14, 16–17, 20, 120, 125, 130, 213, 264, 286–87, 290, 310 n. 6, 320, 368, 376, 393, 417, 473, 660–61 n. 1, 678, 692
definition of, 212–14
as a dependent variable, 723
formal models of, 71–74
as an independent/causal variable, 88–90
measuring, 70–108
principles for research on, 60–65
and structure, 19, 35, 41, 87, 126–27, 164–66, 212–13, 219, 290, 354, 360 n. 5, 367, 379–81, 415, 472–73, 533, 583–84, 614–15, 629, 660–61 n. 1, 766, 782
as a “thing,” 79, 84, 90
(p. 809) culture industry/ies, 9, 321, 324, 330, 333, 334–35, 724, 726
culture of poverty thesis, 232, 349, 359–60 n. 2
Cyclone Nargis (Burma), 261, 267, 274–77
Daily Show, The, 332–33
data analysis, 71–73, 103 n. 9, 108 n. 59
Davidson, Donald, 37–39, 42 nn. 2–3
Dayan, Daniel, 263–64, 265
definitions of culture. See culture
Deleuze, Gilles, 788, 793
democracy
and capitalism, 121–22, 132
and civil society, 17, 135–36, 235, 238–42, 247–50
as Western, 434–35, 456, 465 n. 21, 630 n. 3
Democracy in America (Tocqueville), 120–22, 208
democratic theory
and cultural sociology, 233–34
democratization, 234–35, 247
DeNora, Tia, 727, 728, 732–34, 736
Derrida, Jacques, 7, 401–2, 409, 418, 422 n. 21–22, 449, 660–61 n. 1
desire, 27–28, 38, 121, 141–42, 394, 510–11, 674–76, 680–81, 688, 690–93, 801
and religion, 455–57, 461, 465 n. 20
Dewey, John, 211, 217, 225, 735
diachronic, 40–41, 86, 98–99, 378, 640
Dialectic of Enlightenment (Horkheimer and Adorno)
difference-based interactions, 377–80, 383 n. 1
cultural sociological study of, 365–68, 372, 372, 381–83
differentiated ties, 170–71
differentiation, social, 128–29, 131, 225, 235, 289, 380, 382, 439–41, 458, 472–73, 683, 735, 791
“differentiation of spheres,” 764–67, 782
Dilthey, Wilhelm, 20–21, 43 n. 6, 584
DiMaggio, Paul, 7, 21, 60, 79, 88–90, 100, 106 nn. 39–42, 127, 178–79 n. 4, 728
disasters,
as mediatized, 267–77
as performatively enacted, 260–61, 277–78
disciplinary power
Disciplinary Revolution: Calvinism and the Rise of the State in Early Modern Europe, The (Gorski), 57–60
Discipline and Punish (Foucault), 707, 713
discipline, social, 50, 51, 57–59, 439–40, 445, 680, 707, 716–17
discourse, 18, 73–74, 90–95, 99, 106 n. 43, 107 nn. 51–52; 54–55, 137, 158, 216–18, 250, 293, 295, 298–302, 312 n. 19, 330, 374–75, 380–82, 421 n. 12, 449, 510, 522–23 n. 2, 570–71, 576–77, 579–80 n. 3, 675, 679–81
aesthetic dimension of, 319, 332–35
of climate change/global warming, 748–49, 751–52, 756–59
economic, 171–77
vs. language, 96–97
rational-critical, 285–92, 297, 300, 301, 303, 318–19 See also civil society, discourse of
discourse analysis, 175–76, 179 n. 11, 571, 735
disenchantment, rational, 117–18, 120, 125, 144
Discovery of Grounded Theory, The (Glaser & Strauss), 32
Distinction (Bourdieu), 51–54, 682–84
Division of Labor in Society, The (Durkheim), 120
Dobbin, Frank, 160, 167, 178–79 n. 4
Douglas, Mary, 6, 141, 158, 619, 682, 747
dramaturgical perspectives on society, 216, 722, 734
Du Bois, W.E.B., 347–48
Duneier, Mitchell, 348, 401, 418
Durkheim, Emile, 29, 79, 132, 211, 377, 384 n. 8, 421 n. 8, 559 n. 23, 579–80 n. 3, 614–15, 685, 686, 688–89, 745–46, 780
and religious sociology, 128, 440
and ritual, 18–19, 262, 263, 265
Durkheimians, neo-, 39, 128–31, 144, 218–19, 263
Earthquake, Sichuan, 19, 261, 267, 274–77
economic life and culture, 157–80
economic sociology, 10, 118–22, 126–27, 157–58
cultural analysis in contemporary, 122–27, 166–77, 177–79 nn. 2–5
cultural production perspective in, 159–66, 169
and cultural sociology, 127–45, 171–72, 175, 177, 692–93
economics/economists
legitimacy of, 138–40
performativity of, 138–39
economy, the,
and culture, 117–45, 157–80, 672, 692–93
cultural sociology of, 119–22, 127–45, 171
Economy and Society (Parsons & Smelser), 120–21
Elementary Forms of Religious Life, The (Durkheim), 119–20, 129, 131, 144, 482, 689
Elias, Norbert, 243, 690–91, 699–712, 716, 719 nn. 8; 9; 12, 720 n. 23, 723
Eliasoph, Nina, 20, 217–18
embeddedness, 121, 122–25, 127–32, 138, 145, 158, 163, 178–79 n. 4, 217, 221, 298, 383–84 n. 4, 510, 621–22, 629
embodiment, 698–720
and altruism, 699, 712–15
and violence, 699, 700–3
(p. 810) emotional energy (EE), 54–55, 718–19 nn. 5–6; 13
encoding, 270, 278 n. 2, 322–23, 371–72
Engel, Stephen M., 509
Engels, Friedrich, 586
environmentalism, 213–14, 217–19, 227 n. 13. See also global warming
essentialism, 53, 86–87, 95, 221, 227 n. 9, 236, 369
ethnic hierarchy approach, 370–71
ethnicity, 365–84
ethnographers as “detectives” of cultural sociology, 391, 417–19
ethnography, 32–33, 84, 169, 199, 205, 218, 391–97, 686, 767
as “being there,” 391, 419 n. 1
as “touchdowns,” 395–97, 421–22 n. 13 See also urban ethnography
ethnomethodology, 8, 19–20, 733–35, 736, 770
events, 12–14, 437, 613–31, 640, 662 n. 22
contiguous, 622–24, 628–29
critique of Sewell's theory of, 617–18
and cultural trauma, 559–60 n. 32, 570–71, 578–79, 585–86, 605–6 n. 33
as “moments,” 621–22
as political facts, 620–29
as ritualized, 627–29
role of experience in, 620–22, 631 n. 12
role of mass media in, 627–28
sequential, 622, 624–26, 628–29
spectacular, 622, 626–29
speech, 96–97
study of, 629–30
exchange, 10, 159–66, 168, 170–72, 177–78 n. 2, 672, 714–15
market, 10, 121, 130–32, 170, 171
exchange relations, 121
exchange value, 48
explanation, 6–9, 20–22, 27–29, 31, 33–34, 36, 37–42, 46–48, 56, 64–65, 74, 90, 98, 101, 105 n. 33; 35, 106 n. 41, 118, 157, 164, 178–79 n. 4, 193, 199, 419–20 n. 3, 421–22 n. 13, 462 n. 5, 476, 490, 533–34, 576, 614–18, 676, 688–90, 735, 790 See also generalization
Eyerman, Ron, 11, 564, 578, 532
“Fabrication of Meaning, The” (Griswold), 61
Featherstone, Mike, 676–77
fields
cultural, 290, 292–98, 304–6, 311 n. 10, 337 n. 4, 725
and habitus, 703–5
institutional, 169
literary, 51
political, 304–7, 314 n. 28
figuration (Elias), 700–1
financial crisis, world, 118–20, 132–33, 140, 144–45
financial markets
sociology of, 123–25, 132, 136–38
First New Nation, The (Lipset), 235
Fiske, John, 264, 533
Fligstein, Neil, 122, 165–66, 168, 169, 173
flow(s), 249–50
“foreignness,” 365–84
formal models. See models/modeling
Foucault, Michel, 7, 35, 87, 92–93, 95, 105 n. 36, 196, 243, 360–61 n. 6, 431, 454, 456, 531, 706–8, 711, 713, 716, 719 nn. 17–18, 728
frames/framing, 35, 47, 122, 126, 137, 161, 199, 222–24, 227 n. 12, 236, 262, 489–91, 571, 614–15, 747–48
Frankfurt School, 289, 312 n. 19, 321
free-floating intellectual, 789
French National Front, 624–26
Freud, Sigmund, 195, 243, 251 n. 8, 465 n. 24, 567–68, 579 n. 2, 619, 717, 790
Friedland, Roger, 4, 15, 16, 103 n. 12, 766
Frye, Northrop, 7, 542, 583, 747
functionalism, Parsonian, 39, 235
decline of, 5, 6–7, 119, 637
fusion, 19, 266, 690, 735, 752, 777, 781
de-, 266, 269, 279 n. 4
re-, 19, 266
Gadamer, Hans-Georg, 75, 421–22 n. 13
Gao, Rui, 538, 578, 604 nn. 26–27
garbage, 793–94
Garfinkel, Harold, 19–20, 769–71
gay and lesbian movement, 507–9, 512–23
liberationism within, 507–9, 512, 514–23
research on, 508–9, 522–23 n. 2 See also normalization
Geertz, Clifford, 6, 7, 12–13, 40, 41, 42 n. 4, 90, 106 n. 43, 124, 177–78 n. 2, 381, 393, 397, 398, 401, 408, 421–22 n. 13, 543, 583, 618–19, 622, 626, 637, 639, 660–61 n. 1
generalization, 20–22, 31, 33, 39, 50, 63–64, 158, 171–77, 205, 321, 421–22 n. 13, 482, 510, 640 See also explanation
genre, 28–29, 40–41, 98, 137, 535, 548–550, 554, 594–95, 640–41, 747–48, 757–58
apocalyptic, 751–59
choices among sociologists, 200–2
Germans, The (Elias), 700–3, 705
Giddens, Anthony, 101
Gill, Anthony, 476–77
Glaser, Barney G., 32
Global South, 17, 232–50
global warming
discourse and representations of, 12, 745–59
globalization, 180 n. 14, 261, 278, 625–26, 713
cultural, 334–35
and religion, 14, 471–82
(p. 811) Goffman, Erving, 18–19, 199, 216, 227 n. 12, 689, 708, 722
Goodstein, David, 517–18, 522–23 n. 2
Gore, Al, 753, 755, 757–58
Gorski, Philip, 51, 57–60, 437, 463 n. 11, 464 n. 15, 473
governance theory, 159–61, 164, 175–77
Gramsci, Antonio, 7, 213, 532, 637
Granovetter, Mark, 122–23, 163, 173
Griswold, Wendy, 7, 61–63
grounded theory, 32
group style, 217–19, 784–85 n. 9
Habermas, Jürgen, 11, 16, 225, 236–37, 245, 285–93, 295, 298–302, 303, 307, 309, 310 nn. 2; 3; 5; 7, 312–13 nn. 21–22, 320–21, 434–35, 445, 579–80 n. 3
Habits of the Heart (Bellah et al.), 215, 236
Halbwachs, Maurice, 723
Hall, John R., 4–5, 9–10, 39–40, 77, 104 n. 22
Handbook of Cultural Sociology, The, 4, 9–10
Handbook of Economic Sociology, The, 3, 158
Handbook of Qualitative Research, The, 3
Hannerz, Ulf, 348–49, 352
Hanrahan, Nancy Weiss, 4–5
Haraway, Donna, 699, 713–15, 717, 719 n. 19
Healy, Kieran, 165, 178
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 55, 143, 783–84 n. 1
hegemony, 16, 321–22, 334–35, 431, 501, 530, 531, 534, 637, 703
of American television, 328–31
institutional, 443–44, 464 n. 15
and mediatized rituals, 263–65 See also power
Hennion, Antoine, 682–83, 734
hermeneutic circle, 215–16, 421–22 n. 13
hermeneutic turn, 74–75
hermeneutics, 28, 34, 36, 41, 70–71, 78–101, 106 nn. 41–43; 45
definition of, 78
structural, 90, 92
Higashinakano, Shudo, 541–42, 544
Hindu nationalism, 431–32, 442, 453
Hobbes, Thomas, 439, 455
Holocaust, the, 142, 312–13 n. 22, 535, 539, 559 n. 31, 580 n. 6, 585, 590, 626, 701–2
“forgotten” (Nanking), 538–39, 586
Honda, Katsuichi, 537–39, 546
Hong Ri (The Red Sun), 596–97, 606–7 nn. 37–39
Hopper, Edward, 400–1, 409, 422 n. 19
Horkheimer, Max, 685, 800
Hume, David, 42, 56
Huntington, Samuel, 234, 368, 434–35, 471–72, 479, 630 n. 3
Husserl, Edmund, 790–91
Hustvedt, Siri, 391–92, 397, 399, 405, 408, 418–19
hybridity, 238, 244, 246–49, 788, 790, 793, 802–3
iconicity/iconic representations, 645, 687, 735, 746, 755–6
iconology, 203–4
ideal types, 64–65, 102 n. 6, 699
identity, 94–95, 107 n. 49, 179 n. 9, 278–79 n. 3, 369–71, 382, 434, 510, 571, 675–76, 678, 684, 689, 691–93, 705, 708, 713, 726, 731–32, 792–93 See also collective identity
Identity and Control (White), 107 n. 47
ideological state apparatus (ISA), 713–14
ideology, 16, 29, 285–86, 443, 447, 548, 553
images, visual, 202–4, 270–71, 478–79, 755–56
imagined community/ies, 130–31, 137, 261, 265, 379–80, 436, 462–63 n. 10, 474–75, 480
immigrants/immigration, 13–14, 248, 366, 384 n. 7, 392–97, 399, 404–8, 423 nn. 26; 29, 623, 625–26
impression management, 134–35, 199, 202, 347, 726, 735
inbetweenness, 788–803
Inglehart, Ronald, 210, 456, 637
institutional analysis, 90–95, 100–1, 103 n. 12, 107 nn. 49–50, 133–35, 176, 614–15, 620–21, 629, 673
institutional boundaries, 435–36, 446–47, 773–75, 782–83
institutional dynamics of the Obama campaign, 303–7
institutional dynamics of the public sphere, 285–87, 290, 292–302, 311 n. 14
institutional fields, 464 n. 15
institutional logics, 15, 164, 238, 249, 431, 442–46, 447, 450, 766, 784 n. 2
of religion, 430–61
institutional oppression of homosexuals, 507–22
institutional theory, 460, 512, 514, 520
institutionalism, 76–77, 99, 118, 133–35, 168, 430–31
historical, 15, 616–18, 620
neo/new-, 8, 76, 106 n. 41, 118, 135–36, 158, 161, 164, 166–67, 169, 173–75, 177, 212, 287, 784 nn. 6–7
institutionalization, 15, 160, 193, 234, 421 n. 2, 464 n. 15, 779
institutions, 74, 86, 92–95, 103 n. 11, 107 n. 50, 108 n. 59, 159, 161, 165–66, 175, 442–46, 464 n. 15, 529, 571–73, 579–80 n. 3, 707, 764, 773–75, 778, 782
of civil society/civil sphere, 211–12, 237, 245, 298–99, 392, 395, 417–18
media, 287–92, 296–97, 300, 309, 311–12 n. 18, 312–13 n. 22, 322–23
narrative and, 488–89, 491, 495, 500–2
(p. 812) integration (of society), 14, 128–29, 384 n. 7, 392–97, 409–17, 418, 420 n. 4, 421 n. 12, 507, 515, 517–19, 538, 801–2
intellectuals
media, 307–9
public, 294, 301, 311 n. 17
and the public sphere, 287–89, 292, 294, 297–300, 312–13 nn. 21–22, 757
interaction rituals, 216, 718–19 n. 5–6; 13
interactionism, 19, 122, 169. See also symbolic interactionism.
interests, 143, 175–76, 208–9, 222–23, 264, 299, 431, 511, 559 n. 28, 639, 660 n. 1
Internet, the, 295, 302, 305, 313 n. 23, 322–23, 333
interpellation, 713–15, 717–18
interpretation, 20–22, 27–43, 57–65, 70, 72–76, 78–79, 85–101, 105 n. 35, 106 n. 45, 107 n. 52, 170, 172–74, 178 n. 3, 193–94, 205, 215–16, 421–22 n. 13, 578–79, 584–86, 616–18, 802
minimal and maximal, 28–42
intersubjectivity, 168, 300, 318–20
intertextuality, 311–12 n. 18, 322
Introduction to the Sociology of Music (Adorno), 724
Invention of Solitude, The (Auster), 397, 405
involuntary association, 420 n. 4
Islam, 220, 232, 246, 401–2, 422 n. 22, 429, 432–36, 441–42, 450, 452–53, 456–59, 461 n. 2, 462 nn. 5; 8, 463 n. 13, 464 nn. 19–21, 465 n. 23, 471–72, 474–75, 477–78, 531, 556–57 n. 1
and democracy, 463 n. 14
and globalization, 479–81
and nationalism, 463 n. 14
Islam Observed (Geertz), 622
Islamism, 456, 480
Jacobs, Mark, 4–5
Jacobs, Ronald, 17, 216, 265, 295, 310 n. 1, 360, 495
James, William, 202, 621
Jameson, Frederic, 196, 676, 678
Japan
“history problem” in, 551–53, 559 n. 25
and World War II, 535–56, 586–87, 601 n. 4
Jones, Gareth Stedman, 47, 61
journalism, 279 n. 4, 291–98, 304–6, 310 n. 3, 311 nn. 8; 10; 12, 312 n. 19, 324, 327–28, 555, 572–74, 641, 662 n. 14
political, 288, 311–12 n. 18
science, 755
television, 328, 580–81 n. 7 See also media, news
justifications, 775, 783–84 nn. 1–2
Kai-shek, Chiang, 536, 542–43, 586, 592, 599
Kant, Immanuel, 71, 682–83, 691, 789
Katrina, Hurricane, 19, 261, 267, 271–74, 566, 758
Katz, Elihu, 263–64, 265
Kaufman, Jason, 75–76, 86, 211
Kennedy, John F., 565, 574, 580–81 n. 7, 621, 638, 653–54, 662 n. 17, 663 n. 44
Keywords (Williams), 614–15
kinship, 40, 84, 94–95, 121, 125–26, 177, 244, 378, 684, 714, 797
Knorr Cetina, Karin, 123–25, 144, 168
Kroeber, Alfred, 79–84, 86–87, 89, 100, 104–5 nn. 25; 28; 30–33
Kuhn, Thomas, 31, 64, 75–76
Lacan, Jacques, 707, 713, 791
Lakatos, Imre, 419–20 n. 3
Lamont, Michèle, 8, 62, 352, 360 n. 4, 374, 376, 384 n. 6, 623, 683–84
language, 6, 12, 40–41, 78, 85–86, 96–97, 101, 107 n. 55, 108 n. 61, 220, 430, 448–49, 764–65, 769–72, 780, 782, 801–2
language-games, 6, 76, 105 n. 35, 240
Languages of Class (Jones), 47, 61
Langue, 40–41, 660–61 n.1
Last Best Gifts: Altruism and the Market for Human Blood and Organs (Healy), 165
Latour, Bruno, 168, 686, 784 n. 6
Law, John, 699, 709–11, 717
Leach, Edmund, 381, 383–84 n. 4
leaders/leadership, 164, 493, 638–39, 767–68, 772–75, 781
Legitimation Crisis, The (Habermas), 759–80 n. 3
Lévi–Strauss, Claude, 6, 12, 39–41, 79, 84–87, 90–91, 94–95, 98, 100, 104 n. 25, 105 n. 35, 106 n. 43, 370–72, 495, 583, 685, 746
Leviathan, The (Hobbes), 439
Lichterman, Paul, 20, 218, 227 nn. 7; 9; 11–12
lifeworld, 18–19, 74, 123–24, 326, 328, 434–35, 510, 676, 681, 733, 801–2
Habermas on, 291, 310–11 n. 7
Husserl on, 791
liminality, 19, 203, 267, 269, 641, 790–92, 799
linguistics, 64, 84–86, 108 n. 61, 769. See also language; sociolinguistics
Lipset, Seymour Martin, 235, 637
Logic of Practice, The (Bourdieu), 698, 705
Long, Elizabeth, 3, 5
Lotman, Juri, 788, 790, 793
Luckmann, Thomas, 76, 122, 221
Luhmann, Niklas, 758, 793
(p. 813) Mackenzie, Donald, 136–37, 140, 168, 176
Making Democracy Work (Putnam), 237
Making the Fascist Self (Berezin), 628
Mannheim, Karl, 548, 557 n. 9, 568, 789
Mao Tse-Tung, 276, 557 n. 3, 591, 593, 596, 598, 603–4 nn. 18; 27
Marcuse, Herbert, 685
“marginal man, the,” 370, 400
Markets from Culture: Institutional Logics and Organizational Decisions in Higher Education Publishing (Thornton), 164
Martin, David, 471, 473, 477–79
Marx, Karl, 10, 48, 56, 64, 140–41, 381, 583, 586, 685
Marxism, neo-, 8, 265–66
Marxist/Marxian theories, 19, 28, 213, 372, 380, 433, 463 n. 14, 477, 591, 593–94, 636–37, 713, 725, 728
mass media. See media
material-semiotic, 709–11, 714–15
materialism, 10, 21, 56, 455, 673, 676, 678, 680, 682, 684
materiality, 18, 136, 443–44, 458–59, 671–93, 793–94
vs. materialism, 671
Mauss, Marcel, 137, 288, 686, 688–89, 699, 745–46
Maxwell, Grover, 33
McCain, John, 306, 308
Mead, George Herbert, 195, 715
meaning
as central to social analysis, 4, 6–11, 22, 249
changes in, 767–69, 771–73, 777–78
and cultural trauma, 559–60 n. 32, 578–79
and domination/exclusion, 16
and economic sociology, 120, 122–26, 157–58, 693
and events, 622–30
and interpretation, 27–42, 105 n. 35
and materiality, 671–76, 682–90
and opposition, 788–89
and storytelling, 488–90, 492–93, 499, 501–2
structures of. See cultural/culture structures
study of, 46–48, 60–65, 74–78, 90–101, 102 n. 6, 106 nn. 38; 41, 318, 321–23, 393–94, 584, 618–19, 639–40, 645, 659, 660–61 n. 1, 662 n. 22, 731–32, 735–36, 764–65, 774
and texts, 84–87, 101, 107 n. 52, 727
meaning-making
cultural trauma as a process of, 570–71
economic, 157–58, 166–77
in groups, 217–23
in interaction, 769–71
in mundane situations, 763–65
in organizations, 780–83
role of agency in, 169–70
Strong Program views on, 322–23
study of, 351–56
meaning-structures. See cultural/culture structures
means of symbolic production, 16, 279 n. 5, 590, 603 n. 16, 640–41, 645, 647, 659–60, 735
measurement, 70–72, 84–85, 87–88, 91, 102 nn. 3–4, 103 n. 10, 106 n. 38
mechanisms, 34, 55, 63–64, 75–76, 105 n. 33, 179 n. 11, 584
media
and cultural sociology, 279 n. 4, 307–10, 319–20, 335–37
entertainment, 320–37
factual vs. fictional, 320–22
global, 260, 273, 278
mass, 200, 220, 237, 260, 285, 287, 289–90, 301, 305, 307–8, 310 nn. 3; 5, 311–12 n. 18, 319, 322, 330, 514, 517, 569–70, 572–75, 577, 594, 598, 627, 659, 755
news, 259–79, 307, 661 n. 11
performativity of, 261–67, 269, 274–75
and the public sphere, 287–92, 300, 308–9
sociology of mass, 11, 279 n. 4 See also institutions, journalism; mediatization; television
media events, 263–65
media scandals, 265–66
media spectacles, 264
mediatization, 259–79
mediatized public crises, 265–66
Memoirs of a Spacewoman (Haraway), 713–14
memory, politics of, 530–32, 534, 556
method(s), 20–22, 63, 74–78, 105 n. 34, 107 n. 50, 233, 557 n. 9, 584, 623, 629 See also methodology; positivism
Method and Measurement in Sociology (Cicourel), 65
methodology, 36, 96–101, 199, 205, 419–20 n. 3, 578–79, 614, 683–84
qualitative vs. quantitative, 80–81, 87, 102 n. 4 See also methods; positivism
Milestones (Qutb), 455
Miller, Daniel, 673, 679, 684, 685, 687
Millo, Yuval, 138, 140, 176
Mische, Ann, 92, 247, 778–79
“Modeling Foucault: Dualities of Power in Institutional Fields” (Neely), 92–93
models/modeling, 12, 21–22, 102 n. 4, 103 nn. 9–10; 12; 15, 106 n. 45, 310 n. 4, 692–93
block, 92–95
covering law of, 34, 37
formal, 70–108
formal cultural, 78–95, 98–101, 105 n. 33, 106 nn. 41–42; 39; 45, 179 n. 11
modernity/modernization, 321, 371, 435, 440, 455–56, 458–60, 568, 577, 789–90
and religion, 471–73, 477–79
Modernity and Ambivalence (Bauman), 789
modernization theory, 235, 238, 249, 473, 480, 630 n. 3
(p. 814) Mohr, John, 4, 9, 21–22, 92–93, 106 nn. 38–39; 41, 172
Mol, Annemarie, 699, 708–11, 714, 717
money, sociology of, 119, 124, 126, 132, 139–44
monsters, 794–95
moral communities, 265, 269–71
moral goods, 774–76, 783–84 nn. 1–2
moral panics, 263
moral vocabularies, 214–16, 519
Mugabe, Robert, 239–42
multicultural incorporation, 391–97, 409–17, 418, 420 n. 4, 522 n. 1
multiculturalism, 384 n. 11, 391–92
music, 46, 53
cultural approaches to, 723, 736
as performance, 722–23, 732–36
as a product, 728–30
as a resource, 730–32
sociology of, 15, 87–88, 92, 162, 722–37
as a text, 727–28
musicology, 727–28, 733
Myrdal, Gunnar, 359 n. 1, 396–97, 413
myth, 578, 671, 745–46, 755, 769
disaster, 271–74
hegemonic, 531
rationality as a legitimizing, 271–74
study of, 84–87, 105 n. 35, 495
Nanking Massacre, 530, 535–56, 558 n. 13, 557 n. 24, 586–91, 597–98, 600 n. 2, 601 nn. 3–4, 603 n. 14
Chinese Communist Party representations of, 606–7 nn. 35; 37; 38; 40
Kuomintang representations of, 601 n. 8, 605–6 n. 33
media representations of, 605 n. 32, 607–8, nn. 41–42
role of Chinese Communist Party in, 588–92, 606 n. 35, 606
role of Kuomintang in, 588–92
textbook representations of, 536, 538, 543–45, 550–51, 555, 558 n. 13, 559 n. 25, 589, 592, 602 n. 9, 603 n. 12, 603 n. 17 See also cultural trauma; Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo
narrative(s), 13, 18, 98, 145 n. 7, 200–2, 226 n. 5, 265, 300, 378–79, 381, 481, 502 n. 1, 510, 532, 534–35, 538, 542–44, 546, 549, 554–56, 584, 616–18, 624, 627, 630 n. 2, 640, 682, 690, 745–48, 793
apocalyptic, 751–59
and cultural trauma, 575–78, 579–80 nn. 3–4, 586–95, 604 nn. 26; 29
inflation and deflation of. See mimesis
and social movements, 487–89, 493–502 See also stories/storytelling
narrative genre model of risk evaluation, 747–48
nation/nation-state, 179 n. 9, 431–42, 454, 474, 480, 625–26
and cultural trauma, 566, 569, 572–74, 576, 580 n. 6, 587, 591, 601 n. 4
Nation-Building and Citizenship (Bendix), 235
nationalism, 379–80, 436–42, 462–63 n. 10
religious, 438–39, 441–42, 445–46, 448, 455–60, 463 nn. 11–12; 14, 623, 731
nationhood, 365–84
Negara: The Theatre State in Nineteenth-Century Bali (Geertz), 401
Neely, Brooke, 92–93
networks, 51, 54–56, 699
analysis of, 77, 90–92, 103 n. 9, 106 nn. 44–45, 203, 218–19, 376, 699 See also actor-network analysis
Neustadt, Richard, 638
New York Trilogy (Auster), 391, 393, 399
News Hour with Jon Stewart, 314 n. 27
newspapers, 268–70, 291, 322, 328–29, 333–34, 336
Niethammer, Friedrich Immanuel, 55–56
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 105 n. 36
normalization, 13, 328, 431, 507–8, 518–20, 522–23 nn. 1–2
novels, 61–62, 320, 324, 397
revolutionary, 596–97, 606–7 nn. 37; 39
Nussbaum, Martha, 399, 402, 422 n. 23
Obama, Barack, 16, 284–85, 297, 302–9, 313 nn. 23; 25, 314 nn. 30–31, 621–22, 627–28, 765, 778
objectification, 73, 97, 442–43, 446
Ocasio, William, 766–67, 773, 781
“Ontological Status of Theoretical Entities, The” (Maxwell), 33
organizational borders, 773–79, 782–83, 784 n. 3
organizational culture, 167–69
organizational legitimacy, 119, 133–36
organizational style, 778–79, 782, 784–85 n. 9
organizations
and cultural sociology, 763–67,