- The Oxford Handbook of Cultural Sociology
- Introduction: Cultural Sociology Today
- Cultural Sociology as Research Program: Post-Positivism, Meaning, and Causality
- Rationalization Processes inside Cultural Sociology
- Four Ways to Measure Culture: Social Science, Hermeneutics, and the Cultural Turn
- Culture and the Economy
- Culture and Economic Life
- From Moral Sentiments to Civic Engagement: Sociological Analysis as Responsible Spectatorship
- Reinventing the Concept of Civic Culture
- Cultural Sociology and Civil Society in a World of Flows: Recapturing Ambiguity, Hybridity, and the Political
- Mediatized Disasters in the Global Age: On the Ritualization of Catastrophe
- Media, Intellectuals, the Public Sphere, and the Story of Barack Obama in 2008
- Entertainment Media and the Aesthetic Public Sphere
- Rethinking the Relationship of African American Men to the Street
- Ethnicity, Race, Nationhood, Foreignness, and Many Other Things: Prolegomena to a Cultural Sociology of Difference-Based Interactions
- Burning Schools/Building Bridges: Ethnographical Touchdowns in the Civil Sphere
- The Constitution of Religious Political Violence: Institution, Culture, and Power
- Globalization and Religion
- Narrative and Social Movements
- The Politics of Authenticity: Civic Individualism and the Cultural Roots of Gay Normalization
- Rethinking Conflict and Collective Memory: The Case of Nanking
- Cultural Trauma: Emotion and Narration
- Remembrance of Things Past: Cultural Trauma, the “Nanking Massacre,” and Chinese Identity
- Events as Templates of Possibility: An Analytic Typology of Political Facts
- Cultural Pragmatics and the Structure and Flow of Democratic Politics
- Consumption as Cultural Interpretation: Taste, Performativity, and Navigating the Forest of Objects
- The Force of Embodiment: Violence and Altruism in Cultures of Practice
- Music Sociology in a New Key
- Narrating Global Warming
- Broadening Cultural Sociology's Scope: Meaning-Making in Mundane Organizational Life
- Inbetweenness and Ambivalence
Abstract and Keywords
This article considers four of the ways in which measurement practices have been applied to create formal models of culture in the social sciences. It first examines the nature of formal measurement models in the social sciences and compares this mode of scholarship to more hermeneutic styles of research, paying attention to debates over method in the social sciences before and after the cultural turn. It then discusses four different types of formal (measurement) models that have been especially important to the cultural sciences over the last century: pre-cultural turn/non-hermeneutic, pre-cultural turn/hermeneutic, post-cultural turn/non-hermeneutic, and post-cultural turn/hermeneutic. It also cites an exemplar figure for each model, namely, Alfred Kroeber, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Paul DiMaggio, and Harrison White, respectively. Finally, it revisits the problem of how to conceptualize a scientific hermeneutics by comparing the theorization of the practice of data analysis to Paul Ricoeur’s theorization of the practice of text analysis.
Craig Rawlings is an Institute for Education Science (IES) Postdoctoral Fellow at Stanford University's Institute for Research in Education Policy and Practice (IREPP). He completed his B.A. in International Studies at the University of Oregon, his M.A. in Sociology from Rutgers University, and Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of California, Santa Barbara. His dissertation research was funded by the Social Science Research Council-Sloan Foundation and the National Science Foundation, and focused on organizational change and gender segregation in American higher education since the early 1970s. His work seeks to bridge structural and cultural explanations of how social actors (individuals, colleges, academic departments) influence one another. He is particularly interested in the ways that social networks and status inequalities help shape influence processes. With Dan McFarland, he is currently working on a number of projects concerning peer influences on faculty productivity, as well as the social and structural bases that facilitate the spread of knowledge between academic departments.
John Mohr is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Santa Barbara where he also serves as Director of the Social Sciences Survey Research Center. He received his Ph.D. in sociology from Yale University. Along with Roger Friedland he is co-editor of Matters of Culture (Cambridge University Press 2004) and author of a number of articles concerned with the use of formal models in cultural analysis, the history of the welfare state, and the racial politics of affirmative action (www.soc.ucsb.edu/ct). He is currently writing about the institutional foundations of nanotechnology.
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