- The Democratic Transformation of Mexican Politics
- Democracy from Independence to Revolution
- Mexican Elections, 1910–1994: Voters, Violence, and Veto Power
- Mexican Democracy in Comparative Perspective
- Municipalities and Policymaking
- Invigorating Federalism: The Emergence of Governors and State Legislatures as Powerbrokers and Policy Innovators
- The Dinosaur That Evolved: Changes to the PRI's Gubernatorial Candidate Selection, 1980–2009
- Holding Power: The PAN as Mexico's Incumbent Party
- The PRD and the Mexican Left
- Ulysses, the Sirens, and Mexico's Judiciary: Increasing Precommitments to Strengthen the Rule of Law
- The Fall of the Dominant Presidency: Lawmaking under Divided Government in Mexico
- Civil-Military Relations in Mexico: The Unfinished Transition
- Mexican Political Elites in a Democratic Setting
- Big Business, Democracy, and the Politics of Competition
- Organized Labor and Politics in Mexico
- Democracy in the Newsroom: The Evolution of Journalism and the News Media
- Social and Indigenous Movements in Mexico's Transition to Democracy
- NGOs and Human Rights
- Women, Politics, and Democratic Consolidation in Mexico: Two Steps Forward, One Step Back
- Drug Traffickers as Political Actors in Mexico's Nascent Democracy
- Changing Dimensions of National Elections in Mexico
- Mexico's Campaigns and the Benchmark Elections of 2000 and 2006
- The Return of “the Local” to Mexican Politics
- Who Is the Mexican Voter?
- Polling and Pollsters as Agents of Change: A Historical Account of Public Opinion Research in Mexico from 1938 to 2010
- Regionalism in Mexican Electoral Politics
- U.S.-Mexico Relations and Mexican Domestic Politics
- Domestic and National Security Challenges in Mexico
- Mexico-U.S. Migration Policy: Historical Review and Contemporary Challenges
- Economy as Grand Guignol: The Postreform Era in Mexico
- The Path of Economic Liberalism
Abstract and Keywords
This article studies organized labor and politics in Mexico. It first presents a summary of the state-labor relations regime that was institutionalized after the 1910–1920 Mexican Revolution. It then studies the impact of the economic restructuring and associated government policies have had on wages, worker mobilization, unionization patterns, and the organizational coherence of the labor movement. The article also considers the consequences of electoral democratization for organized labor and analyzes the labor policies that were adopted by Presidents Vicente Fox Quesada and Felipe Calderón Hinojosa. Democratic regime change and trends in the political representation of trade unions and the voting behavior of unionized workers are discussed.
Keywords: organized labor, state-labor relations regime, economic restructuring, worker mobilization, unionization patterns, labor movement, electoral democratization, democratic regime change, political representation, voting behavior
Graciela Bensusán is research professor at the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Xochimilco and a part-time professor at the Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, México.
Kevin J. Middlebrook is Professor of Politics at the Institute for the Study of the Americas, University of London.
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