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date: 09 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Discourse comprehension is viewed from a multilevel framework that includes the levels of words, syntax, textbase, situation model, rhetorical structure, genre, and pragmatic communication. Discourse researchers investigate the cognitive representation of these levels and the process of constructing them during comprehension. Comprehension frequently is successful at all levels, but sometimes there are communication misalignments, information gaps, ungrounded symbols, and other comprehension obstacles that increase processing time or that lead to comprehension breakdowns. Psychologists have developed a number of psychological models of discourse comprehension, such as the the construction-integration, constructionist, and indexical-embodiment models. Advances in corpus and computational linguistics have allowed interdisciplinary researchers to systematically analyze the words, syntax, semantics, cohesion, situation model, world knowledge, and global structure of texts with computers. These computer analyses help researchers discover new discourse patterns, test hypotheses more rigorously, assess potential confounding variables, and scale texts on difficulty.

Keywords: discourse processing, comprehension

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