Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 06 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter reviews some of the main ways in which theories of categorization have been expressed in formal, mathematical terms. The focus of the models discussed is the categorization of abstract visual forms by adults in situations where prior knowledge is unlikely to contribute much to performance. Each of the main components of categorization models is discussed: input representations, attentional processes, intermediate representations (e.g., prototypes, exemplars), evidential mechanisms (e.g., similarity, rules), and decision mechanisms (e.g., the choice axiom; Luce, 1959). Models discussed include the Generalized Context Model (Nosofsky, 1986), ALCOVE (Kruschke, 1992), prototype models (e.g., Smith & Minda, 1998), clustering models (e.g., SUSTAIN; Love, Medin & Gureckis, 2004), and multiprocess models (e.g., COVIS; Ashby, Alfonso-Reese, Turken, & Waldron, 1998).

Keywords: categorization, models, formal, mathematical, connectionist, exemplar, prototype, GCM, ALCOVE, COVIS, SUSTAIN

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.