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date: 14 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Humans’ capacity for representing categories is inherently flexible and capable of adapting to varying levels of experience with the world. Two factors that influence these levels of experience are (reflecting learned networks of knowledge shared by people who live in close proximity and interact with each other often) and (heightened domain-specific knowledge typically motivated by interest). The chapter reviews a wide range of cognitive consequences for categorization that arise when individuals are highly familiar with objects to be categorized. An integrated approach is adopted, considering both research from cognitive science and cognitive anthropology on object categorization, as well as the perceptual expertise literature that focuses primarily on visual perception. Key directions for future research are delineated.

Keywords: culture, expertise, concepts, perceptual expertise, categorization

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