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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Event-based prospective memory refers to remembering to perform an intended action in response to an anticipated event at some point in the future. In this chapter, we describe the primary components that support prospective memory. These components include encoding, storage, and retrieval. For encoding, we consider one effective strategy, implementation intentions, and the mechanism(s) by which such intentions improve prospective remembering. For storage, we review research that examines whether individuals have privileged access to intention-related information during a retention interval, and the role of retrievals in fostering retention. For retrieval, we discuss theorizing regarding the role of monitoring and spontaneous processes in prospective memory. Throughout, we highlight several features that differentiate prospective and retrospective remembering. In a final section we emphasize one such feature, the need to coordinate ongoing activities with retrieval. To gain traction on such coordination, we propose an integration of cognitive control and prospective memory theories.

Keywords: prospective memory, implementation intentions, intention superiority, monitoring, spontaneous retrieval, cognitive control

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