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date: 05 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses some of the various types of errors that are the by-products of highly efficient and practical human memory systems. The errors vary in size, commonness, and potential for impact. Errors may be of omission (forgetting details and whole events that did happen), commission (remembering details and whole events that did not actually happen), or a combination of the two. Errors can happen at any stage from initial perception to final memory retrieval. Critically, some errors are so compelling for the rememberer that they cannot be “undone” once they have occurred.

Keywords: encoding failure, retrieval failure, schemata, stress, misinformation, false memory

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