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date: 25 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

For decades, experimental data has suggested that sleep disturbance alters pain processing and heightens the sensory and emotional dimensions of pain. Until recently, however, clinical research into the prevention and treatment of chronic pain rarely included more than a superficial consideration of sleep. This chapter aims to highlight the promise of integrating sleep and pain research to address the problem of chronic pain as a central nervous system disease by 1) reviewing evidence that sleep disturbance contributes to hyperalgesia and pain augmentation, 2) summarizing longitudinal data demonstrating that sleep disruption predicts the development of chronic pain, 3) discussing how psychological factors interacting with sleep disturbance may contribute to chronic pain, and 4) highlighting potential underlying biologic mechanisms mediating associations between sleep disturbance and pain.

Keywords: Sleep disturbance, chronic pain, hyperalgesia, depression, catastrophizing, insomnia

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