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date: 23 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a prevalent and important public health issue, with long-term disabilities in various domains of functioning, especially for those sustaining moderate or severe injuries. Often overlooked, sleep disturbances and chronic fatigue are among the most prevalent and persistent negative consequences of traumatic brain injury. Research on the etiology, evolution, and treatment of sleep–wake disturbances is starting to emerge, and rehabilitation professionals are giving increasing attention to these problems. Following a general description of the clinical presentation of patients with TBI, this chapter discusses data on the prevalence, correlates, and etiology—as well as special considerations for assessment and treatment—for insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, circadian rhythm dysregulation, and fatigue in the context of TBI.

Keywords: traumatic brain injury, sleep, insomnia, sleepiness, fatigue, epidemiology, etiology, assessment, treatment

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