Abstract and Keywords
This chapter reviews the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders, particularly obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). First, the clinical features and symptoms are presented. The pathophysiology of OSA is described as well as related comorbidities. Gender differences as well as risk factors are then discussed followed by approaches to the clinical evaluation of OSA, including the role of polysomnography. The chapter concludes with consideration of treatment options including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), oral appliances, and surgery. As CPAP is the primary treatment for OSA, methods to promote adherence to this therapy are also considered.
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