- Oxford Library of Psychology
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- Introduction: Historical Landmarks and Current Status of Sleep Research and Practice: An Introduction to the Timeliness, Aims, and Scope
of this Handbook
- Sleep and the Brain
- The Regulation of Human Sleep and Wakefulness: Sleep Homeostasis and Circadian Rhythmicity
- The Functions of Sleep
- Sleep and Human Development
- Sleep and Human Performance
- The Role of Sleep in Neurocognitive Function
- Sleep and Emotion
- Sleep, Dreams, and Dreaming
- Sleep and Psychopathology
- Sleep and Psychotropic Drugs
- Sleep and Society
- Sleep, Work, and Occupational Stress
- Sleep and Gender: The Paradox of Sex and Sleep?
- Sleep and the Psychology Curriculum
- The Epidemiology of Sleep
- A Socioeconomic Perspective of Sleep Disorders (Insomnia and Obstructive Sleep Apnea)
- Forensic Aspects of Sleep Medicine
- Sleep Disorders Classification and Diagnosis
- Clinical Assessment of Sleep–Wake Complaints
- Insomnia I: Etiology and Conceptualization
- Insomnia II: Behavioral and Physiological Assessment
- Insomnia III: Therapeutic Approaches
- Sleep and Psychiatric Disorders
- Sleep and Medical Disorders
- Sleep and Substance Use Disorders
- Parasomnias I: Nightmares
- Parasomnias II: Sleep Terrors and Somnambulism
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders I: Phase-Advanced & Phase-Delayed Syndromes
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders II: Shift Work
- Circadian Rhythm Disorders III: Jet Lag
- Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders
- Hypersomnia and Narcolepsy
- Restless Legs Syndrome (Willis-Ekbom Disease) and Periodic Limb Movements
- Sleep-Related Problems in Childhood
- Sleep-Related Problems in Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood
- Sleep Disorders in the Elderly
- Sleep Disturbances and Learning Disability (Mental Retardation)
- Sleep–Wake Disturbances and Fatigue in Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury
- Sleep Disturbance and Chronic Pain: Biobehavioral Interactions
- Conclusion: Overview, Emerging Trends, and Future Directions in Sleep Research and Practice
Abstract and Keywords
Sleep disturbances are common in substance use disorders (SUDs) and contribute to their initiation and maintenance. This chapter will review the effects of common substances of abuse on sleep and sleep disorders; discuss the evidence linking sleep problems with SUDs initiation and relapse; outline possible mechanisms of sleep disturbances in substance abusers; and describe approaches to identifying and managing sleep disturbances, with an emphasis on special considerations in SUDs patients. More basic and clinical research is needed to understand how sleep problems contribute to SUDs initiation and maintenance, the neurobiological basis of sleep disturbances in substance abusers, and which sleep-focused treatments are most effective and have the greatest impact on future substance use. Effective recognition and management of sleep disturbances in substance abusers will contribute to reducing the personal and public health burden associated with SUDs.
J. Todd Arnedt, Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Michigan.
Deirdre A. Conroy, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Addiction Research Center.
Kirk J. Brower, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Addiction Research Center.
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