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date: 18 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

While women have a higher objective sleep efficiency than do men, they paradoxically report more sleep problems. It is unclear whether the reporting gap is a descriptive difference or measurement problem. Certainly, some sleep disorders, such as insomnia, restless legs syndrome (RLS), and hypersomnolence, are more frequent in women, whereas others, such as REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), are more prevalent in men. This chapter reviews gender-specific sleep disorders and the impact of pair-sleeping in the context of sex differences in sleep, reproductive phases, and circadian timing across the life span.

Keywords: Sex differences, sleep, gender, sex steroids, testosterone, estrogens, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, menopause, pair-sleep

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